Feature and Composition
Bukidnon, a rich tableland, is a landlocked province in Northern
Mindanao. It occupies the extensive plateau in Central Mindanao
that is bounded on the north and the east by Misamis Oriental;
on the east by Agusan Province; on the south and southeast by
Davao province; and on the southwest and west by Lanao and Cotabato
The Province lies between the parallels 7o 25' and 8o 38' north
latitude, and the meridians 124o 03' and 125o 16' east longitude,
and has an area of 829,378 hectares representing 2.76 per cent
of the country's total land area. Malaybalay, the capital, is
about 850 kilometers by air from Manila and 91 kilometers by road
from Cagayan de Oro City.
is the only province in Mindanao that does not have a coast line.
It is in the north central part of the island. Mount Kitanglad
(2,938 meters), an extinct volcano, occupies the center and dominates
the Bukidnon plateau. Mount Kalatungan (2,824 meters) and Mount
Tankulan (1,678 meters) are the highest peaks in the southern
part. The whole eastern and southwestern border adjoining Agusan,
Davao and Cotabato are lofty mountains and densely forested mountains.
Although the Province has lofty mountains, the greater part is
a gently rolling grassland plateau cut by deep and wide canyons
of the Cagayan, Pulangui and Tagoloan Rivers and their branches,
and other rivers. At Mailag, 23 kilometers south of Malaybalay,
the plateau begins to descend and gradually merges into the lowlands
of Cotabato province.
Except for the southern part which is sedimentary and the limited
alluvial plains along the larger rivers, the whole of Bukidnon
is of volcanic origin-lava and igneous rocks. The low grassy hills
east of the City of Malaybalay and those near the barangays of
Maluko and Dalirig of the municipality of Manolo Fortich in the
northern part, however, are mainly metamorphic (schist) rocks,
some with cappings of limestones.
The Province is composed of 20 municipalities and two component
cities. It has a total of 464 barangays Among the municipalities,
Kitaotao, with 35 barangays, has the most, followed by Quezon
with 31 barangays. Sumilao has the least with only 10 barangays.
The component cities of Malaybalay and Valencia have 46 and 31
purposes of congressional administration, the province is divided
into three (3) districts.
first District of Bukidnon has eight municipalities with a total
land area of 272,610 hectares comprising about 32.9 percent of
the total area of the province. It has 135 barangays.
Second district has a total land area of 375,157 hectares comprising
four municipalities and the Cities of Malaybalay and Valencia.
It has a total of 143 barangays.
third district has eight municipalities and a total land area
of 181,611 hectares. It has a total of 186 barangays .
Observations by PAG-ASA from 1999-2003 showed that Bukidnon has
two prevailing types of climatic variations in the rainfall pattern
existing between the northern and southern sections. The northern
part falls under the third or intermediate A type, i.e, no very
pronounced maximum rain period with a short dry season lasting
only for one to three months. The southern part, beginning from
Malaybalay, falls under the fourth type of intermediate B type,
i.e, no very pronounced maximum rain period and no dry seasons.
Rains are very frequent, almost daily for the rest of the year.
Though the province is nearer the equator than Luzon island, the
climate is pleasant due to its altitude and the usual extreme
heat of the tropical region is lacking. Moreover, the province
is outside the path of typhoons.
The annual average monthly rainfall distribution from 1999-2003
is 239.96mm. The rainy seasons last from March to October when
monthly fall are generally somewhat in excess of 200.00 mm. The
drier season has mean monthly falls of generally 50 to 150 mm.
Records indicate that the months of January, February, November
and December show a reasonable regularity or no effective rainfall.
Monthly temperature characteristics taken from Malaybalay PAGASA
Station. Maximum annual average of 30.2oC and minimum of 18.1oC
while the mean annual average temperature is 24.2oC.
Language and Dialects
The most spoken dialects by members of the households in the Province
is Cebuano. It is the means of communication of 44.51 percent
of the total Provincial Households. Other dialects were Bisaya
29.10 percent, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo of 7.29 percent, and Bukidnon/Binukid
with 6.81 percent.
Religion is a highly important social element in the lives of
the people of Bukidnon. More than three fourth of 77.42 percent
of the population were Roman Catholics. However, it does appear
that other Christian groups have gained some grounds in the Province.
The second dominant religious group are the Seventh Day Adventist.
They comprise 4.02 percent of the population. Association of the
Fundamental Baptist Church in the Philippines comprise 3.47 percent
and other religious affiliation included Iglesia Ni Cristo 1.59
percent and Aglipay 1.51 percent.
Of the total 1,060,253 household population in Bukidnon 95,22
percent were Filipinos. This was lower by 4.48 percentage points
from the 1990 figure. The British, with a total household population
of 2,739 or 0.26 % are the second most numerous. Other foreigner
residents are the Indonesian 0.05 percent, Americans 0.03 percent,
Chinese 0.02 percent who engaged in business.
Size and Growth
2000 census count placed the population of Bukidnon at 1,060,415
individuals. This population constitutes 38.6 percent of Region
X population and 1.4 percent of the country's total.
The 2000 population of the province, representing 11.4 percent
from its 1990 level of 843,891 or an average annual growth rate
of 2.2 percent.
The current 1,060,415 individuals residing in the province represent
a 12.7 percent increase over the 1995 total residents or an average
annual growth rate of 2.4 percent. Increasing economic opportunities
in the province that attract investors, as well as migrants, are
the key factors that would influence population growth.
If the annual population growth rate continues at 2.4 percent,
the population is expected to double in 27 years, increasing by
27,626 persons every year or three person per hour.
by District and Municipality
District I which has 8 municipalities has a population of 293,763
in 2000. This district has the smallest population among the three
districts constituting 27.7 percent of the province's population.
District II with 4 municipalities and two component cities has
a total population of 417,622. Its population is the largest in
the province, representing 39.4 percent of the total in the province.
The percent annual average change of population for the period
1995-2000 of District II is 13.85 percent, this is relatively
high compared to districts I and II with only 13.37 and 10.86
District III is composed of eight municipalities with a total
population of 349,030. The percent change of population in 1995-2000
period is 10.8 percent, an increase of 1.01 from the 1990-1995
period of 9.63 percent. General observation shows that the growth
of the population during the period 1990-1995 is relatively slow
as compared to the 1995-2000 population.
inter-municipality analysis of population shows that the municipality
of Quezon, in District III has the highest at 7.8 percent of the
provincial total. The second is Maramag, also in District III
at 75,253 or 7.1 percent of the total residents. The Municipalities
of Sumilao and Damulog have the smallest population with only
17,958 and 19,315, respectively.
The two component cities of Valencia and Malaybalay register changes
in population for years 1990-1995 and 1995-2000. Valencia residents
increase from 11.14 percent to 15.07 percent while the Malaybalay
registered a decrease, from 18.97 percent to 10.15 percent.
In terms of population growth, Damulog registered the highest
among the municipalities at 6.26 percent during the period 1995-2000.
The municipality of Impasug-ong comes next with 4.01 percent.
The municipalities of Kadingilan, and Kitaotao registered negative
growth rates of (0.18) and (0.35), respectively.
With a land area of 8,293.78 square kilometers and an ever-growing
population, the average population density of the province is
129 persons per square kilometer during the year 2000. The municipality
of Don Carlos has the highest population density at 353 persons
followed by Kitaotao with 250 persons per square kilometer. The
Municipality of Impasugong has the least population density at
29 persons per square kilometer of land.
Among the districts, District III is the most densely populated
with an average population density of 192 persons per square kilometer.
District II has 112 persons per square kilometer and District
I has 129.
A total of 313,165 persons or 29.53 percent of the total provincial
population resides in the various urban areas of the province.
The majority constitutes 747,250 persons or 20.8 percent in the
Among the three districts, District II is the most urbanized,
having an urbanization rate of 35.22 percent in 2000. This is
because the City of Valencia is considered the major population
and Age Structure
Males outnumber the females with a total provincial population
of 546,234 or 51.5 percent with a sex ratio of .06 males for every
100 females. The female population is 514,181 or 48.5 percent.
The age structure of the province's population reveals a relatively
young population with 446,952 or 44 percent belonging to the age
group of 0 – 14. This proportion implies a heavy economic burden
on the working group population (ages 15-64) that constitutes
584,990 or 55.2 percent. The older group (ages 65 and over) comprises
only 2.7 percent.
The literacy rate of the household population 10 years old and
over of the province is 88 percent. The Household population of
literate females is 88.8 percent while of that of the literate
males is 87.2 percent.
highest education level achieved by the majority of the households
is elementary education at 53.90 percent while 22.63 percent reached
high school. The proportions of those who reached or attended
college were academic degree holders and with post baccalaureate
courses were recorded at 6.27 percent, 1.82 percent and 0.46 percent
Force and Employment
Based on the NSO 2002 Employment Statistics, the province has
a total labor force of 677,000 persons (15 years old and over).
This constitutes a labor force participation rate of 82.8 percent.
Of the total labor force, 96.5 percent are fully employed while
3.5 percent are unemployed.
Employment by Major Industry Group
Majority or 77.7 percent of the total employed workers are in
the Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry industries. A small percentage,
13.4 percent, is working in Personal Services. Only 0.1 percent
are employed in Electricity, Gas and Water Services.
The major occupation with the largest number of workers employed
are Farmers, Forestry workers and Fishermen with 180,415 or 30.5
percent. Elementary school teachers occupation rank second with
12.4 percent workers while the least worker was on technicians
andassociated professional groups with 0.5 percent workers.
Twenty-seven (27) percent of the total number of families in Bukidnon
numbering 45,726 out of the 165,538 has an annual income of =20,000-29,999.
In contrast, only 0.7 percent earns an annual income of 250,000
has a total land area of 829,378 hectares, representing 2.76 percent
of the country’s total land area and 59.10 percent of the region.
The municipality of Impasug-ong shares the biggest land area of
107,167.00 hectares equivalent to 12.92 percent of the total.
It is followed by Malaybalay City, Talakag and San Fernando with
98,438.00, 83,370 and 63,863 hectares respectively. On the other
hand, the municipality of Dangcagan has the smallest land area
with only 11,515.00.
the provincial total land area of 829,378 hectares, about 38.77
percent or 321,576 hectares is considered as Alienable and Disposable
while the remaining 61.23 percent or 507,802 hectares is considered
as forestland of which 450,023 hectares (88.62 percent) are classified
forest while the remaining 57,779 hectares (11.37 percent) remains
to be unclassified.
is classified into two, the Protection and Production Forest.
Protection Forest covers a total area of 309,627 hectares while
Production Forest covers a total area of 198,175 hectares.
is divided into forested and non-forested. Forested area covers
45.5 percent or a total area of 231,048 hectares while non-forested
area covers 54.5 or 276,754 hectares.
Province has several natural deposits, such as gold, chromites,
copper, manganese, quartz, white clay and limestone.
by the government per operation includes limestone, chromites,
feldspar, copper, quartz and gold. As of August 2004, there were
30 small-scale mining permittees and 46
sand and gravel permittees authorized by the government with allowable
volume of extraction of 50,000 metric tons and 1,000 cu.m. respectively.
of CY 2003, there are 43 banking institutions operate in the province.
Rural banks now dominate the province banking system numbering
to 15 units, followed by commercial banks with 13, government
banks 8, cooperative banks 7 and 1 postal bank.
system which banking institutions mobilize domestic resources
include savings deposits, time deposits, etc. These are also the
sources of funds for the banks lending operations.
private lending institutions operate in the province. These sectors
provide ready cash to most of the traders for their operations.
They also cater the needs of farmers and other individuals who
would like to avail of their services.
City of Valencia has the most number of private lending institutions
followed by the City of Malaybalay. This is attributed to the
fact that the two component cities are relatively growing fast
in its development.
records show that as of December 2003 there were 3,972 registered
establishments in Bukidnon. Of these trading/retailing, activities
are 55 percent while manufacturing and servicing accounts for
6 percent and 34 percent respectively. Production accounts for
5 percent. These establishments were mostly located in the growing
economic centers of the cities of Malaybalay and Valencia and
the municipalities of Don Carlos, Maramag and Manolo Fortich.
total of 29 hotels/inns/lodging houses are located in the province
of which the cities of Valencia and Malaybalay have two first
class hotels. These hotels also host conventions and conferences.
Twenty-seven convention centers are situated in the different
municipalities with 113
restaurants and snack centers. Specialty dishes are mostly Filipino
and Chinese. There are 52 shopping centers and 76 sports and recreational
Procurement and Facilities
of CY 2003, there were 27,305 bags of palay procured by the office
of the National Food Authority. Total volume of grains sold reached
to 42,797 while total rice and refined sugar dispersed 4,553 and
200 bags respectively.
NFA has five existing warehouses. These are located in Aglayan,
Valencia, Musuan, Maramag and Kalilangan.
vital component of agricultural production is the post harvest
facilities that are provided to the farmers. As of December 2003,
the province has a total of 20 driers, 222 rice & corn mills,
61 shellers, 7 threshers and 315 warehouses.
elementary schools increased from 614 in SY 2002-2003 to 615 for
SY 2003-2004. This reflected a rise of 0.16 percent. The number
of teachers also reflected an upsurge - though also at a measly
declined by 1.55 percent. From a total of 204,024 pupils in SY
2002-2003, it dropped to 200,870 in SY 2003-2004.
number of classrooms declined by 2.21 percent. From 4,644 facilities
in SY 2002-2003, it dropped to 4,576 in SY 2003-2004.
For SY 2003-2004, religious institutions and private entities
administered 53 schools. This, however, reflected a decline of
1.85 percent when compared with the 54 schools for SY 2002-2003.
enrolled in private schools also dropped. From 6,458 students
in SY 2002-2003, it decreased to 6,315 (SY 2003-2004) or 2.21
percent reduction in enrolment.
number of teachers that provided instruction numbered 230 (SY
2002-2003). When compared with SY 2003-2004, it reflected a 1.85
Performance Indicators (Public Elementary)
participation rate for SY 2003-2004 dropped to 96.51 percent from
98 percent in SY 2002-2003. It showed that 96 percent of the total
population, aged 7 to 12 years, attend school in SY 2003-2004.
When compared with the previous school year, it reflected a 1.52
The retention rate or the portion of the enrolment of the previous
year that remained in school for SY 2003-2004, had a rate of 88.02
percent. It reflected a decline of 1.9 percent when compared with
the retention rate of SY 2002-2003.
transition rate (the percentage of pupils who progress from primary
to intermediate grades) decreased by 1.4 percent. From a rate
of 92.89 in SY 2002-2003, it declined to 91.57 percent in SY 2003-2004.
percentage of first grade entrants who eventually finish the sixth
grade (or completion rate) increased by 4.2 percent. From a rate
of 52.80 percent for SY 2002-2003, it climbed to 55.01 for SY
repetition rate or proportion of pupils who enroll in the same
grade more than once significantly increased by 387.5 percent.
From a rate 0.80 in SY 2002-2003, it increased to 3.90 in SY 2003-2004.
dropout rate or the pupils who leave school, registered a rate
of 58 percent for SY 2003-2004. This 58 percent figure reflected
a substantial increase of over 426 percent when compared with
ratio revealed an increase of 33 percent for SY 2003-2004. It
showed an allocation of eight books for every pupil during the
same school year. This allocation reflected a significant increase
over the previous school year of six books for every pupil.
secondary schools escalated from 44 in SY 2002-2003 to 46 for
SY 2003-2004. This reflected an increased of 4.55 percent in the
number of secondary schools. The number of teachers also reflected
a 7.33 percent increase over the previous school year.
Enrolment registered an upsurge by 8.15 percent over the previous
school year. From 51,174 in SY 2002-2003, student registration
for SY 2003-2004 surged to 55,343.
facilities included 795 classrooms in SY 2002-2003, which rose
to 1,013 in SY 2003-2004, revealing a 27.42 percent increase.
secondary schools increased by 1.49 percent for SY 2003-2004 against
SY 2002-2003. However, teachers who served these institutions
declined by 0.36 percent.
showed an upsurge. From 24,252 students in SY 2002-2003, it increased
to 35,025 in SY 2003-2004.
2.3 Performance Indicators (Public Secondary)
participation rate declined by 96.12 percent (SY 2003-2004) from
98.15 percent in SY 2002-2003. It suggested a 2.5 percent decline
of the population aged 13 to 16 years, who enrolled in SY 2003-2004.
retention rate or the portion of enrolment that remained in school
registered a rate of 85.10 percent in SY 2003-2004. It reflected
a 3.6 percent decline when compared with SY 2002-2003.
percentage of first year entrants who eventually finish high school
(the completion rate) increased by 1.6 percent. From a rate of
60.0 for SY 2002-2003, it climbed to 60.96 for SY 2003-2004.
repetition rate or proportion of pupils who enrolled in the same
year level more than once increased by 22.70 percent. From a rate
2.20 percent in SY 2002-2003, it increased to 2.70 in SY 2003-2004.
portion of students who leave school (drop-out rate) registered
a significant increase of 388 percent when comparing SY 2003-2004
ratio or the number of students for every teacher registered an
8 percent increase when comparing the two school years.
textbook-Student ratio or the number of textbooks allocated for
each student registered a decline. From five textbooks for every
student, it declined to four textbooks per student in SY 2003-2004,
revealing a 20 percent decrease.
Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) accredited
12 technical and vocational schools in SY 2002-2003.
the short-term programs offered by these schools, computer-based
courses remained the most popular. For SY 2002-2003, 838 students
enrolled in these programs against 820 in 2001-2002, or a 2.20
percent increase when compared with the previous school year.
technology students, however had the highest increase between
school years. It increased from 195 to 270 students, or a 38.46
percent rise for SY 2002-2003.
the downside, enrollees taking up Police Science declined by 48.68
percent in SY 2002-2003.
and stenography had during enrollees for SY 2002-2003.
of technical-vocational courses declined by of 23 percent for
SY 2002-2003 when compared against SY 2001-2002.
technology graduates reflected an increase. From nine graduates
in SY 2001-2002, it increased to 31 in SY 2002-2003 or an impressive
244 percent rise.
and electrical/electrical technology graduates posted a decrease
in SY 2002-2003. Students enrolled in these short-term courses
dropped by 100 percent, 15 percent and 47 percent respectively.
Short-term business management courses had no graduates for SY
Tertiary Enrolment and Number of Graduates (Public and Private)
Enrolment in the tertiary level in state-run institutions increased
by 10.28 percent in SY 2003-2004 when compared to SY 2002-2003.
From 12,476 enrollees in SY 2002-2003, it rose to 13,759 students
in SY 2003-2004.
who completed their baccalaureate and post graduate degrees in
the public schools increased to 2,617 in SY 2003-2004 from 2,293
in SY 2002-2003.
institutions also showed an upsurge in enrolment by 8.93 percent.
From 5,652 students in SY 2002-2003, it increased to 6,157 in
from these private institutions also posted an increase of 6.27
percent. From 941 graduates in SY 2002-2003, it increased to 1,000
in SY 2003-2004.
The Provincial Government has seven operational hospitals. It
administers a tertiary hospital in the City of Malaybalay, a secondary
facility at Maramag and five primary hospitals in the municipalities
of Kalilangan, Kibawe, Malitbog, San Fernando and Talakag. For
2003, these hospitals had a combined bed-capacity of 175 or a
1.16 increase against the 4-year average of 173-beds.
complement include 39 physicians, up by 8.3 percent against the
4-year average of 36. Nurses slightly increase by 1.2 percent
or 84 nurses against the 4-year average of 83.
number of laboratory aides increase by 100 percent against the
dentists and dieticians incurred a reduction by 50 percent of
their work force. Also, the number of x-ray technicians declined
by 100 percent.
number medical technologists slid to nine personnel against ten
for the past 4-year average or a 10 percent decline.
Municipal/city health centers operate in the 20 municipalities
and the two cities. Yet, due to the goal of Governor Jose Ma.
R. Zubiri, Jr. to bring basic health services closer to the masses,
he instituted the construction of 15 provincial health stations.
Established where provincial hospitals where non-existent, these
newly built facilities supplement the health needs of the residents
at the local levels.
number of barangay health stations grew from 312 for the 4-year
average to 347 in 2003 or 11.22 percent increase in the number
of these facilities.
hospitals and clinics likewise increase to 71 in 2003 from 65
for the 4-year average or a 9.23 percent upsurge.
For 2003, crude births or the number of infants born for every
1,000 population reflected a rate of 23.24. This figure revealed
a 7.09 percent increase when compared with the past 5-year average
(21.70 per 1,000 population).
deaths or the number of persons that died for every 1,000 population
registered a rate of 2.79. This suggested that for every 1,000
population 2.79 of them passed away during the year. When pegged
against the past 5-year average (2.43 per 1,000 population), this
figure reflected a 14.75 percent increase.
mortality of the province registered a rate of 5.95 for the year
2003. This means that for every 1,000 infants delivered during
same ear, 5.95 of them would not reach their first birthday. When
compared against the past 5-year average (7.32), this figure revealed
an 18.67 percent decline in the number of infant deaths.
maternal mortality registered a rate of 1.05 per 1,000 live births.
This rate signified that per 1,000 infants born, 1.05 deaths occur
among the women who recently gave birth. This figure reflected
a 3.77 decline percent when compared with the past 5 year average
rate of 1.09.
provincial population increased by 26,422 live births. Out of
this total, males numbered 14,487. This figure reflected a 19.02
percent increase over the 5-year average of 12,172. Females also
posted an increase of 11,935 or 8.36 percent rise compared with
the 5-year average of 11,014.
weighing 2,500 grams and greater stood at 20,082. It reflected
a decline of 0.11 percent against the 5-year average of 20,103.
Those weighing less than 2,500 grams increased substantially by
6,188. This gives a 154.13 percent rise against the 5-year average.
However, babies with unknown birth weights significantly declined
to 152 or 76.54 percent when compared with the past 5-year average.
by Place and Type of Pregnancy
More than three fourths or 87 percent of total number of births
occur at the home (graph). The 23,029 infants delivered in the
home increased by 8.72 over the past 5-year average. In the case
of birth deliveries at the hospitals, the figures reached 3,134
infants. It showed an increase of 66.70 percent over the past
5-year average of 1,880. Other places of births, aside from the
hospital and in the home, reflected the highest increase (93 percent)
when compared with its 5-year average of 134.
by Place of Delivery
Mothers at risk during their pregnancies declined to 8,064 or
a 21.17 percent drop when compared with the 5-year average of
10,230. Those with normal pregnancies increased to 17,977 or 55.18
percent boost over the 5-year average of 11,585.
deliveries classified as neither risk nor normal, declined by
an average of 72.33 percent. It dropped to 381 in 2003 from a
high of 1,377 for the past 5-year average.
Trained and Untrained Hilots provided the most care to expectant
mothers. The number of services they provided registered a combined
increase of 17,372 or a combined rise of 12.49 over its 5-year
the medical workers, midwives provided the most services during
birth deliveries. Their assistance, however, recorded the least
- a measly 2.02 percent, when compared with doctors and nurses.
the medical professionals, assistance provided by doctors registered
the highest increase. Data shows that 3,142 of them provided services
to mothers during birth deliveries. This 78.02 percent figure
reflected a high point surge compared with the 5-year average.
Nurses attending to expectant mothers also registered a modest
increase to 210 or 22.95 percent rise compared with the 5-year
average of 171.
Leading Causes of Mortality
the main cause of deaths among provincial residents, exhibited
a rate of 48.55 per 100,000 population against 38.16 for the past
5-year average. It reflects an increase by 27.23 percent.
diseases of the liver, diseases of the heart, diseases of the
kidneys, posted increases against their 5-year averages of 25.43
percent, 24.28 percent, 23.08 percent, and 22.41 percent respectively.
pneumonias and accidents also exhibited double-digit increases
in the number of cases when compare with their 5-year averages.
Cases of tuberculosis increased as well, albeit by a small margin
–a 1.42 percent rise against its 5-year average.
ulcers, however, showed a decline - registering a rate of 5.01
per 1,000 population against 5.29 percent for its 5-year average.
Leading Causes of Infant Mortality
the lead cause of infant deaths had a rate 1.25 per 1,000 live
births. It signifies that for every 1,000 infants born during
year 2003, 1.25 of them eventually succumb to the illness..
1.25 figure however, reflected a 35.57 percent decline when compared
with the 5 year average of 1.94.
Among other causes of infant deaths, two of them exhibited an
increase in the number of cases when compared with their 5-year
averages. Birth injury/Accidents registered the highest –0.23
per 1,000 live births against its 5-year average of 0.09. Prematurity
exhibited a rate 1.25 per 1,000 live births or a 52.44 percent
increase against its 5-year average.
Causes of Maternal Mortality
hemorrhage, the lead cause of maternal deaths exhibited a decline
of 0.61 per 1,000 live births when compared with its 5-year average
of 0.65. This represents a 6.15 percent decrease.
hypertensions in pregnancy, the second leading cause, exhibited
a significant upsurge by 0.23 per 1,000 live births or a 64.29
percent increase compared with its 5-year average.
causes of deaths of mothers during birth deliveries include abortions,
abruptio placenta, ruptured ectopic pregnancy, sepsis and amniotic
Leading Causes of Morbidity
Among the causes of morbidity, gastric and duodenal ulcers, injuries
(domestic/vehicular) and diseases of the kidneys posted the highest
a low of 93 (5 year average) per 100,000 population, cases of
ulcers increased to 256 (2003) or a 175.27 percent rise in incidence.
Together with injuries and diseases of the kidneys, these diseases
registered more than 150 percent upsurge in incidences against
their 5-year averages.
Cases of diarrheas and CVA/hypertension escalated to more than
30 percent. Pneumonias, bronchitis and influenza posted increases
of 28.17 percent, 14.82 percent and 12.97 percent respectively.
cases of schistosomiasis and TB respiratory recorded a decline
by 25.98 percent and 20.66 percent when compared with their 5-year
Rates by Municipality/City
Malnutrition rates for the 15 municipalities and the cities of
Malaybalay and Valencia significantly declined alongside their
5-year averages. These
municipalities and the two cities posted an impressive double-digit
reduction in their malnutrition rates.
City of Malaybalay and the municipality of Kadingilan topped the
list, reducing their rates by 46.92 percent and 40.78 percent,
The municipalities of Sumilao, Kitaotao, San Fernando, Talakag,
Malitbog, Maramag, Lantapan, Baungon, Kalilangan, Impasug-ong,
Quezon, on Carlos and the City of Valencia also posted declines
of more than 10 percent against their 5-year averages.
Cabanglasan and Kibawe, the remaining municipalities to post reductions,
revealed a 7.33 percent and 3.86 percent drop against their 5-year
the municipalities of Damulog, Manolo Fortich, Libona and Pangantucan,
recorded single digit increases.
The municipality of Dangcagan posted the highest upsurge. It registered
a double digit rise of 18.85 percent compared with the 5-year
Planning Program (Current Users)
Among birth control methods, current users preference for male
sterilization registered a notable increase of 309 or 518 percent
rise against the past 5-year average of 50.
Tubal Ligation [BTL] also showed an upsurge in usage against its
5-year average of 1,117 to 2,451 for 2003, or an increase of 119.51
in the acceptance of Natural Family Planning methods [NFP], Lactational
Amenorrhea Method [LAM], Intrauterine Device [IUD], and Pills
also registered a rise against their 5-year averages of 58.73
percent, 25.70 percent, 8.60 percent and 7.46 percent respectively.
Depo-Medroxyprogesterone Acetate [DMPA] as well as condoms gradually
lost their popularity among current users. Both forms of contraceptives
registered a 11.56 percent and 2.05 percent declined.
Planning Program (New Acceptors)
New acceptors favored male sterilization as evident by the increase
by men who underwent the procedure by 1,681.82 percent against
its 5-year average. BTL, NFP, LAM, IUD also registered increases
between 18 and 50 percent.
with their 5-year averages, current users of pills, condoms and
DMPA had been fewer for the year 2003. These contraceptives posted
decreases in usage by 24.99 percent, 18.64 percent and 10.87 percent,
with Sanitary Facilities
The number of provincial households with sanitary toilets increases
by 69.74 percent. It reflects a 2.12 percent upsurge against the
5-year average. Conversely, households with satisfactory garbage
disposal dropped to 49.87 percent or 3.36 percent decline against
the 5-year average- reversing the trend since year 2000.
with Access to Safe Water
Water systems categorized as Level II and Level I supplying provincial
households declined to 30.76 percent and 24.90 percent. These
figures show reductions by 2.30 percent for Level II and 6.21
percent for Level I when compared with the 5-year averages.
serviced by Level III water systems constituted a 29.21 percent
of the total provincial households. This figure reflects a 32.25
percent rise against the 5-year provincial average of 22.62 percent.
from the Philippine National Police – Provincial Command show
that index crimes slid to 530 incidences in the year 2003 against
708 for the past 5-year average, or a 25.12 percent decline.
of non-index crime significantly dropped by 34.20 percent. From
a high of 562 (past 5-year average) it declined to 367 for the
number of crimes solved also slid to 831 cases against 1,193 for
the 5-year average, or a 30.37 decline.
solution efficiency, likewise, slightly dropped by 1.41 percent.
From 93.97 percent for the past 5-year average, it fell to 92.64
percent in 2003.
Bureau of Fire Protection personnel complement include 94 men
and women. Deployed in the municipalities of Don Carlos, Kalilangan,
Kibawe, Lantapan, Manolo Fortich, Maramag, Pangantucan, Quezon,
Talakag, and the cities of Malaybalay and Valencia, these 90 men
and four women maintain and operate 17 fire trucks, as well as
provide other services related to fire prevention.
the municipalities of Baungon, Cabanglasan, Damulog, Dangcagan,
Kadingilan, Kitaotao, Libona, Malitbog, San Fernando and Sumilao
lack fire trucks and have no BFP personnel deployed in their localities.
Kaamulan is an indigenous Bukidnon term which literally means
“gathering” for any purpose. It is a festival that carries you
to another world in another era. Graced by cultural groups whose
ways have remained unchanged through the centuries, tribal groups
trek down from their traditional mountain dwellings to gather
in unity, wearing their intricately woven costumes studded with
trinkets, anklets, earrings, necklaces, leglets, headdresses and
amulets. The hill tribes members dance, chat, compete in indigenous
sports and perform ancient rituals. Each activity is a meaningful
ceremony that reflects the richness and diversity of their culture.
To the hill tribes, Kaamulan heralds the symbolic breakthrough
of their long quest for meaning and identity. Above all, it provides
an interesting ground for the unification of many tribes of Bukidnon
and of the Filipino as a whole.
This event presents the rich custom and tradition of the seven
ethnic hill tribes: Talaandig, Higaonon, Umayamnon, Manobo, Tigwahanon,
Matigsalug and Bukidnon.
Kitanglad National Park – A natural type of attraction located
at the north central Bukidnon. It has an area of 31,297.00 hectares
composed of more than a dozen mountain peaks, including Mt. Dulang-dulang.
The peak of the mountain could be reached through three trail
routes, namely: Bol-ugan, Kaatuan, Lantapan, Lupiagan, Sumilao,
Intavas, La Fortuna, and Impasugong.
Mt. Kitanglad, the second highest mountain in the country, towers
to more than nine thousand feet serving as the base to the Province’s
long distance communication towers. It also offers a challenge
to mountain climbers to reach its summit; one has to scale its
ranges for five hours passing through Flora and Fauna of genuine
virgin forests. At the base are Lalawan, Dalwangan, and the house
of the Philippine Eagle. It was declared as a National Park under
P.O. 677 dated December 14, 1990.
2. Lake Apo – A natural type of lake located at Guinoyoran, Valencia
City. This could be reached through jeepney and motorcycle. This
twenty – four hectares eighty five feet deep lake is surrounded
by mountains. It is an ideal place for boating and fishing.
Paiyak Cave – Found in the Palaopao Mountains of Sumilao, Bukidnon,
this is a fifteen minutes ride and an hour and 50 minutes walk
from Sayre Highway in Kisolon. This well-preserved Cliffside cave
has created centuries old formations as gleaned from undistributed
stalactites and stalagmites.
Pinamaloy Lake – This serene and tranquil lake can be seen from
the highway of Don Carlos, Bukidnon. This is 50 hectares, guitar
shaped and planted with Gmelina and Mahogany trees and good for
boating and picnics.
Napalit lake – The 36 hectares seventy-eight feet deep lake in
Pigtauranan, Pangantucan, is the foot of the Kalatungan Mountains.
It stands out because of its twenty-four floating islets of varying
sizes, the biggest of which is 50 feet wide. These islets float
around the lake parallel to the direction of the wind.
.Nasuli Spring – Whatever your choice, there is no finer recreation
experience than what is waiting for you to discover at Bangcud,
Malaybalay City, a place where the solitude that one may crave
can surely be found.
Mt. Pigtuyuan – Found in Sampagar, Damulog, a breast-like mountain
and 250 feet high with a slope range from 30 to 50 percent and
hosts PLDT, PILTEL, NAPOCOR, and DOTC transmitters.
Minlaya Falls – Located at Poblacion, Damulog, this is fifty-nine
feet high falls which is 15 feet deep at the drop site.
Quarry Cave – Composed of several interconnected passages and
has several opening/ outlets. The width ranges from .60 m to 19.10
m while its height ranges from 1 meter to 6 meters located at
East Poblacion of Kitaotao.
Liropan Cave – Found in Kiabo, Malitbog, this is about 30 to 45
minutes ride from Poblacion which is noted for its deposit of
organic fertilizer “Guano”. A milky white water discharges within
Malagaha Lake – Located in Barangay Kalingking, Malitbog and about
15 minutes ride from Poblacion. It is a hunting area for wild
ducks, likewise a fishing ground for mudfish.
Mt. Kitanglad – Rising up to 9,696 feet above sea level, this
second highest peak in the Philippines has been declared as the
highest in biodiversity. The temperature varies from 64 to 56o
F and is planted mostly with Alvizza Falcantria and other medical
trees. Most of which grows on trees still dripped with dew even
at twelve o’clock high noon. Mt. Kitanglad is home to the Philippine
Sleeping Giant Mountain – This scenery attracts the catchy eyes
of nature loving travellers traversing the highway bound for Kisolon
in Sumilao. Such scenery is an epitome of serenity and contentment
where, even giants could take rest due to tempting calmness offered
by God given nature.
Alalum Falls – Surrounded by trees, rocks and a variety of plants
within the outgrowths of Sumilao, this waterfalls boasts of its
natural drop of cascading waters.
Musuan Peak/Centennial Park – A 30 minute hike from the base to
the summit, this peak gives you peace of mind and you can really
appreciate the abundance of nature of what the almighty has bestowed
upon us. It is situated at the north east side of Musuan, Dologon
in Maramag, where the famous state owned Central Mindanao University
Pulangui River – Flowing down the inlands of Bukidnon, this majestic
river entails to scenic and serene view devoting itself to the
beauty of nature with lush forest and hills along its riverbank.
Dila Falls – Blessed with a breathtaking display of granite rock
and boulders and a pleasantly cool waters, this waterfalls has
become a destination for swimming and recreation. Trekking towards
this high rapid waterfalls provides a very tricky hike deep in
the heart of Impasugong, Bukidnon.
Mt. Kalatungan Range Natural Park – Situated in the central part
of Bukidnon, Mt. Kalatungan comprises an estimated area o 35,812.52
hectares and an elevation of 1,000 meters above sea level with
several mountain reef. Drawn by the lure of overwhelming slope
and ledges, this is where nature makes an eloquent declaration
of beauty and power. Sites and rock abundant, wildlife thrives
on native grasslands, and spectacular views of the plains offer
an escape from the rush of the highway.
19. Sumalsag Cave – Known as the largest cave in the province,
this remarkable sign boast of its bats, swifts and spiders thriving
in its wall and ceiling crevices, its narrowed column locks in
deeply that many venture in to enjoy its natural beauty.
Basag Cave – The presence of eight waterfalls, all in the cave
is incredibly unique. There is also an abundance of stalactites,
stalagmites and cascades that is yet to remain undisturbed by
humans. Situated in sitio Basag, Kilabong, Sumilao.
Del Monte Philippines Inc. - This pineapple plantation is located
in Manolo Fortich, Libona, Impasugong and Sumilao. It is considered
the biggest pineapple plantation in the Far East.
Del Monte Golf Course – One of the major destinations in the region
which offers world class 18 hole golf course is this perfectly
landscaped recreation area located at Kawayanon, Manolo Fortich.
Its mini lake and green grass allow enthusiasts to marvel its
Mangima Canyon – Dubbed as the Kennon Road by the South and the
Purple Heart Canyon by American Veterans, the zigzag road of Mangima
Canyon at Manolo Fortich awes visitors who visit the place with
its naturally scenic spot.
Mangima Spring Resort – This is a local government initiated project.
The resort comprises more or less 4-6 hectares. Presently, the
resort is with four operational swimming pools. It is ideal for
family gatherings and relaxation since the site is with surrounding
hills and mountains.
5. Impalutao Reforestation Project – Faced with so much overwhelming
evidence of natures complexity, this place emphasizes the wonder
of the forces that can create such beauty and diversity. Even
a short stroll away from the trappings of civilization kindles
a closer personal connection with the intrinsic rhythms of nature.
6. Bukidnon Forest Inc. – With the sounds of birds blending in
tuneful harmony to the quiet canopy of trees, this 36,000 hectare
reforestation project demonstrates the compatibility of nature
with economic objectives.
Kaamulan Park – Located at the back of the Provincial Capitol,
the area is best used for camping and rodeo activities. It has
been the site of provincial fairs, foremost of which is the KAAMULAN
Festival. The park in its natural setting abounds with pine trees.
MGM Resort – Its facilities are so inviting that visitors who
set eyes upon them could not begin to describe their fascination.
This popular resort at Dologon, Maramag soothes the weary traveller
and relaxes the soul.
Luan-luan Spring and Swimming Pool – Located within the Poblacion,
Quezon. It is a place where several springs flow the whole year
round. It is popular for swimming.
Ver Overview – A high point located at sitio kipolot, Palaopao,
Quezon. The properly landscaped area offers the viewers a panorama
of beautiful rolling hills and plains of Bukidnon.
Bukidnon Sugar Central – The Bukidnon Sugar Company (BUSCO) is
one of the sugar central in Northern Mindanao. This P40 million-sugar
mill has a processing capacity of 4,000 to 6,000 tons of cane
daily. It is located at Butong, Quezon, Bukidnon.
Crystal Sugar Company Incorporated (CSCI) - With an investment
of 880 Million and has increase its daily production to 8,000
MT. CSCI renders services to 256 regular employees and 372 seasonal
Bird Watching – Lalawan, Dalwangan 6 kms from the National Highway.
Houses the Philippine Eagle and is host to rare bird species like
the Philippine hanging parakeet, giant scops, owl, and species
of the flycatcher, Brahmin kite and jungle fowls.
14. Seagull Valley Mountain Resort – Swimming pools located at
barangay Lorega, Kitaotao with parks, benches, cottages and lodging
Magawa Plain – A Golf Course containing an area of about 80 hectares.
This is bout 25 minutes ride from Poblacion, Malitbog.
Menzi Farm – A place which provides an overview of the whole municipality.
MENZI produces oranges, pineapples, cut flowers, cacao and coffee.
It has a vast area situated in barangay Damilag, Manolo Fortich.
RPA Ventures Inc. – It kis formerly known as Farm Incorporated,
which engages in cut-flower production, located in barangay Diclum.
The area is home to anthurium blooms of different Holland varieties.
Magic Farms – A vast agricultural area devoted to different agricultural
experimentation. Also produces grapes, banana, langka and fresh
water fish. It is located in Mambatangan, Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon.
HELMS Farm – Located in Barangay Dahilayan, Manolo Fortich. This
is where one can enjoy horseback riding and camp-out at night
with soothing caress of the cool breeze.
All Farms – Located in San Gabriel, Manolo Fortich. This is an
18 hectares area, which is devoted to production of cut foliage-potted
ornamentals of both local and imported origin.
Monastery of Transfiguartion – Run by monks, its chapel was designed
by the famous national artist Leandro Locsin. With mountains,
hills, and trees in its midst, this monastery offers the patient
observer beauty, quiet, solitude and a chance to study and relate
to the spiritual work of which we all are part. The site is also
the source of hand processed Monk’s Blend Coffee, peanuts and
candles with coffee scent.
Central Mindanao University – is one of the prominent academic
institutions in the Philippines specializing Agriculture and Forestry
Education. The university, occupying thousands of hectares located
at Musuan, Maramag, Bukidnon. Dubbed as “University of the Poor”
but intellectually deserving students. CMU has been a recipient
of various awards & distinctions granted by CHED, such as
“Center of Excellence” in Agriculture Education; “Center of Excellence”
in Forestry Education and “Center of Development” in Biology Education.
It is likewise a top performing school on PRC Licensure Examinations.
The University is a conduit of outside funding of intensive research
and academic collaborations with outstanding agencies from Australia,
Japan, Netherlands, etc.
Philippine Carabao Center (PCC-CMU) – This center is one of the
only 13 centers throughout the Philippines. This is an attached
agency of Department of Agriculture which engage in carabao development
program. It aims to conserve the buffalo’s genetic biodiversity
for long-term and sustainable development. It also aims to maximize
the genetic gains through crossbreeding to optimise carabao performance
for milk and meat without disregard for draft for medium term
requirement. Bukidnon, which relies on agricultural economy, have
benefited its program of establishing buffalo based enterprises.
Weary travellers and tourists regularly pass by the place to partake
its refreshing and nutritious milks and dairy products produce
directly from the farm, just beneath the foot of Mt. Musuan.
Atugan Bridge – It is said to be the highest bridge in the country
with the depth of 64.5 meters from top of roadway to bottom of
footings, equivalent to more than seven-storey building. Constructed
with the latest trends in structural engineering.
NOMIARC – Specializing on research of agricultural products for
the entire region 10, the center is almost a permanent venue for
trainings and conferences for agriculture and related technologies.
Waig Crystal Spring Resort – Nestled within a valley in the outskirts
of Maramag, this resorts presents a few surprises in its own.
With its cool waters and many pools, a water slide will be very
tempting. It is also a common venue for bikini open.
Edlimar Spring Resort – Strategically located at Tubigon, Maramag,
Bukidnon. It is newly developed tourist attraction with facilities
such as kiddy and adult swimming pools, sugbahan/litsonan (cooking
space), cottages of various sizes, slide (swmming pool), bathing
room/CR. Exotic and endangered species can also be seen within
Meriba Purified Drinking Water – Known for its slogan “Water from
the Rock”. A mineral and purified drinking water with a high quality
standard accepted to compete in the local market. Situated within
the Edlimar Spring Resort periphery.
Mangima Park – In the area at the center of Mangima Canyon, on
Olympic swimming pool shines in the sun where a relaxing resort
flourished a rough and rocky terrain provides an ideal venue for
Palaisdaan Game Fishing Resort & Restaurant – A showcase of
the Municipality’s inland fishing, Palaisdaan is a perfect place
for freshwater fish catching. Situated in the northwestern part
of Manolo Fortich.
Stone Marker of Yoshito’s Grave – Located at Poblacion, Manolo
Fortich. This stone is inscribed with Japanese character which
marks the grave of high-ranking Japanese Officials killed during
Worl War II. Roughly elliptical and measuring about 2 feet and
1 foot across, the stone bears two sets of inscriptions which,
when translated means “On this spot died Miyazaki Yoshitoi, chief
of army and Emperor Chiao. In memory of Kaji battalion, May 8,
World War II Prisoners of War Memorial Shrine – The principal
feature is the monument of President Manuel Roxas, located in
Casisang Elementary School which is part of Japanese Imperial
Army Concentration Park.
Dalwangan Centennial Marker – This where the northern and southern
army of U>S Air Force linked in World War II. It is the highest
point along the Sayre Highway.
Income of the province
the year 2003, the province earned a total revenue of P807.864
Million compared to previous years of 734.994 million or an increased
of about 9.97%. This income is composed of tax revenues which
comprise the locally generated income and income from national
government, operating and miscellaneous income, extra ordinary
receipts, capital revenue and other receipts. It is observed that
the province is still heavily dependent on external sources as
it accounted the biggest share of 80.72% of which 79.30% of it
is from IRA share. The remaining shares of 8.28% and 7.91% respectively
accounted for operating and miscellaneous revenues and other sources.
Income by Municipality
total Local government income (comprising 20 Municipalities and
two component cities) generated for the year 2003-reached P 1,067.678
Million of which the bulk of 84.50% came from national shares
collections. Tax revenues and non-tax revenues accounted 4.47%
and 7.68% of the total income while the remaining portion of 3.36%
shares from extra ordinary receipts, loans and borrowings and
to municipal wide basis, it shows that the highest income generated
came from the municipality of Quezon with an income of P108.195
Million. In contrast, the lowest came from the Municipality of
Sumilao with an income of only P73.112 Million.
For the year 2003, the province appropriated a total amount of
P1,189,961,589.00 of which only P858,634,726.66 was actually expended.
From this total actual expenditures, general fund accounts P839,861,200.20
and P18,773,526.46 for special education fund. The percentage
of savings to appropriation is 27.84%, a difference of 12.04%
increase in savings from the previous year of 15.80%.
In terms of objects of expenditures, maintenance and operating
expenses accounted the biggest share of 62.40%, followed by personal
services of 29.68%, and the remaining 7.92% for capital outlay.
Maintenance and Other Operating Expenditures accounts the biggest
share also of 62.40% as to percentage increase of expenditures
over the previous year.
Property Tax Collection
total real property tax collection (both basic and special education
fund) for the year 2003 reached to 97.574 million. This shows
an increase of 44.21 as to previous year’s collection of 67.662
The municipality of Quezon maintains the highest collection for
the past years, and for the year 2003, still ranks first of P26.269
million, followed by the municipalities of Manolo Fortich (12.950
million) and Maramag (10.608 million). Likewise, the lowest collections
came from the municipalities of Malitbog (.914 million), Damulog
(.997 million) and San Fernando (1.207 million).
Property Assessment Valuation
The Office of the Provincial Assessor’s reported a total of 7,116.547
Million actual real property valuations for the year 2003. This
indicates an increase of 48.35% over the 2002 4,797.290 Million.
The municipality of Quezon ranked first in terms of property assessment
valuation, in contrast to the municipality of Damulog which got
the lowest rank.
of Internal Revenue Collection
the year 2003, the Bureau of Internal Revenue reported a collection
of P352.046 Million. This reflected a decrease of 36.30 percent
over the previous year’s collection of P552.675 Million. For this
year the City of Malaybalay ranks first with a collection of P110.753
Million or 64.96 percent, followed by the municipality of Quezon
with P81.471 Million or 23.14 percent and who for the past years
maintains the biggest revenue collection of the province. In terms
of percentage increase or decrease of collection, it can be noted
that the municipalities of Don Carlos and Lantapan showed a significant
increase of 240.05 percent and 184.83 percent respectively. While
other municipalities showed a slight increase of collection, there
are also municipalities with decrease collection like Quezon,
Cabanglasan, Valencia, Malitbog, Kadingilan, Kitaotao and San
are classified according to the annual revenues from various taxes.
This classification serves as a major indication of the socio-economic
situation of the population in the municipalities and/or cities.
At present, the province of Bukidnon has 2 component cities, Malaybalay
and Valencia. They are respectively classified as 3rd and 4th
component cities per Department Order No. 32-01 issued by the
Department of Finance. On the other hand, there are eight municipalities
belonging to fourth class or constitute about 36% of the total
municipalities/cities and only one municipality with fifth classification,
and are also classified as least developed.
Means of transportation
Bukidnon has extensive road connections and regular bus lines
to six adjoining provinces including Cagayan de oro City. It has
important trade routes to Davao and Cotabato City. Although landlocked,
it has access to the sea through a first class national highway
to Cagayan de Oro city where there are modern port facilities
for export and domestic cargo shipment. Transportation available
are buses, vans, public utility jeeps, multicabs and tricycles.
Buses regularly ply the Cagayan de Oro-Bukidnon-Davao, Cagayan
de Oro-Bukidnon-Cotabato and Cagayan de Oro-Bukidnon-Wao routes.
Public utility jeeps provide service to commuters to and from
the different municipalities and barangays of the province. Multicabs
and tricycles, on the other hand, are the means of transportation
within most of the Poblacions.
2. Motor Vehicle Registration
Motor vehicles plying the roads and bridges of the province are
registered at the Land Transportation Office, a National Agency
with three field offices stationed in Malaybalay City, Valencia
City and Don Carlos. For calendar year 2003, the LTO has a total
vehicle registration of 24,858. Of this total registration, 3,245
registered as for hire, while 20,836 were privately owned, and
the remaining 777 were registered as government-owned.
In comparing the figures of registration in 2003 to the total
registrations of 25,328 made in 2002, vehicle registration in
the province drop by 0.77 percent.
3. Road Network
The road system of the province of Bukidnon is a conventional
hierarchy of roads classified into national, provincial and municipal
roads. The national roads serve as the main trunk lines and are
supplemented by the network of local roads. As of 2003, the combined
length of the national and provincial roads add up to 1,227.932
kilometers. This is almost divided equally between national and
provincial roads. The latter measures 472.43 kilometers, while
the former adds up to 755.502 kilometers.
bulk of the national roads are still paved with gravel. This measures
up to 361.403 kilometers or about 47.84% of its total length.
A far second in terms of length are the asphalted roads which
measures up to 262.454 kilometers or about 34.74%, and the remaining
17.42% comprises the road that is already paved in concrete or
a length of 119.622 kilometers.
to those of the national roads, the bulk of the provincial roads
are paved in gravel. This makes up 95.30% of its total length
measuring 450.24 kilometers out of the total provincial road length
of 472.43 kilometers. Asphalted roads measure only 9.74 kilometers
or only about 2.06 percent. Concreted roads measure nearly as
much as that of earth roads, the former measuring 4.25 kilometers
and the latter 8.2 kilometers the two constitutes the remaining
aggregate length of municipal roads is 602.679 kilometers. Most
of these sections are still gravel paved. Year 2000 data showed
that over 88 percent of the municipal road sections are paved
with gravel or earth. Only a mere 11 percent has been converted
to either concrete or asphalt pavement as of date.
Gaps between municipal roads due to rivers and creeks are linked
by a total of 14 bridge structures with an aggregate length of
460 linear meters. Four of these bridges are permanent while the
rest are temporary.
total length of national bridges is pegged at 3,550.640 linear
meters, 2,982.080 or 83.99% of which are already concrete structures,
or 7.79% are bailey while the remaining 8.22% are either timber
Provincial Government of Bukidnon, on the other hand, has made
a total of 103 bridges. Seventy seven (77) are still Bailey panels
while the rest are RCDG, Presidential, Steel/Bailey bridges. The
total length of the provincial bridges is approximately 1,041.065
As of year 2003, the National Irrigation Administration reported
a total actual irrigated area of 19,801 hectares or an accomplishment
of 92.27 percent from that of the programmed area of 21,469 hectares,
with a total beneficiaries of 15,258. Of this programmed area,
14,264 hectares or 66.44 percent is under the National Irrigation
System (NIS) while the remaining 7,205 hectares or 33.56 percent
of agricultural land are being serviced either by communal or
Small Impounding Systems.
facilities of the province include telephones, telegraphs, commercial
radio and other electronic communication devices, e.g. SSB, walkie-talkie
CB (citizen’s band) and cable television.
1. Radio Stations
are five (5) AM radio stations serving the entire province. These
are radio stations: DXMB, DXDB, DXMV, DXCR and DXMU. Their transmission
power ranges from 648 to 1,422 kilohertz. The province also has
two FM stations, the popularly known Wild FM of Valencia City
and DXIQ of Malaybalay City, popularly known also as Q106 FM.
populace of Bukidnon is kept abreast of recent information through
broadcast media via television. At present, there are two (2)
regular T.V. stations in the province, the ABS-CBN and the GMA,
which has both established a transmitter station at the peak of
Mt. Kitanglad, for signal relay to all parts of the province.
some municipalities have signal and access of RPN 9 and IBC-13.
Cable Television has also been a popular source of entertainment
since the emergence of two stations providing this service: The
PARASAT cable TV based in Malaybalay and Valencia Cable TV, which
benefited only by the urban areas like, Malaybalay City, Valencia
City, Maramag, Don Carlos and Manolo Fortich.
3. Telephone system
land-based telephone companies operate in Bukidnon. The Southern
Telecommunications Company, Inc. (SOTELCO) which has service areas
in the cities of Malaybalay and Valencia, Don Carlos, Damilag,
Quezon and Manolo Fortich. It uses a system type of digital switching
equipment, and operates with a total capacity of 4,500 lines.
As of 2003, SOTELCO has already served a total number of 3,062
subscribers from all parts of their coverage area of Bukidnon.
On the other hand, Philippine Communications Company (PHILCOM)
with service areas in the cities of Malaybalay and Valencia reported
a total subscriber of 1,256. It also operates services similar
to SOTELCO such as National and International Direct Dial system
(NDD and IDD) and operator assisted for domestic and international
The first Internet provider in Bukidnon is DATACOM which utilized
the southern telephone company, Inc. for its line; the second
is the WEBLINK that makes use of the telephone lines of PhilCom.
the year 2002, the total internet subscribers reached 135. Of
these total, Malaybalay has 124 subscribers or 91.85% of the total
subscribers served by two internet providers. Types of users vary
from residential (33.87%), Commercial establishment (42.74%),
Government (16.13%), Institutions/schools and NGOs (4.03%). Of
the total combined subscribers, commercial establishment accounted
observed, the prevalent users are mostly residential as it accounted
for 73.38% of total internet users in Valencia and 59% of the
total combined subscribers.
5. Postal Services
Philippine Postal Corporation provides postal services. Aside
from this corporation, there are also companies that provide courier
services like XIMEX Delivery Express, DHL, LBC Air Cargo and JRS
Express. These are located strategically in the City of Malaybalay
and some urbanized municipalities of the province, like Valencia,
Manolo Fortich and Maramag.
5.1 Public Postal Services
Philippine Postal Corporation (formerly Bureau of Posts) provides
postal services for all municipalities with 24 post offices. As
of 2002, PhilPost reported a total of 35 postmasters and staffs
and 23 mail carriers. The area of coverage in all Barangays is
within 5 kilometers radius from the postal station or within the
poblacion. Some Postal offices are located also within the school
campus of BSC, CMU and BUSCO, Quezon, Bukidnon. The mail trucks
delivered mails through station to station.
Three electric cooperatives provide the power requirements of
Bukidnon. The First Bukidnon Electric Cooperative (FIBECO) serves
12 municipalities in the south; the Bukidnon Second Electric Cooperative
(BUSECO) provides power for Malaybalay city and 11 other municipalities
in the central and northern sides of the province and the Misamis
Oriental Rural Electric Service Cooperative II (MORESCO II) serves
the municipalities of Talakag in the north.
1. Status of Electrification
To date, power has already been extended to all the municipalities/cities
in the province. FIBECO has already energized 250 of its 274 covered
barangays or about 91.24 percent status of energization. BUSECO,
on the other hand, posted 89.02 percent status of energization
(154 out of 173 barangays), while MORESCO II has so far provided
electricity to 13 of its 18 (about 72.22 percent) covered barangays.
The overall energization status of Bukidnon stands at about 90.83
percent of all the barangays in the province.
Provincial Assessor’s Office reported that in the year 2003 there
were 731,065.4456 hectares actually assessed and provided with
new tax declarations which were particularly developed into agriculture
and industrial projects.
on the real property assessment declared as agricultural land
within the period under consideration. The municipality of San
Fernando showed the highest number of declared real properties
with an area of 193,690.9302 hectares or 26.49 percent of the
total declared area, followed by the municipality of Kitaotao
having an area of 151,155.7033 hectares or 20.68 percent.
huge margin in terms of declared agricultural area among the 20
municipalities and 2 cities is physically determined when Malaybalay
City showed only a total assessed area of 51,577.2070 hectares
or 7.06 percent, Impasug-ong with 41,255.1731 hectares or 5.64
percent, Talakag with only 40,450.7172 hectares or 5.53 percent,
Manolo Fortich with 27,832.8832 hectares or 3.81 percent, Valencia
City with an area developed for agricultural production of 27,324.7232
hectares or 3.74 percent, Kalilangan with 23,527.0640 or 3.22
percent, Don Carlos with 23,555.7860 hectares or 3.22 percent,
Pangantucan with 19,855.5251 hectares or 2.72 percent, Quezon
with 18,201.6240 hectares or 2.49 percent, Libona with 17,317.8943
hectares or 2.37 percent of the total crop area, Baungon with
16,646.3029 hectares or 2.28 percent, Lantapan with 16,096.5065
hectares or 2.20 percent, Kadingilan with 13,147.3864 hectares
or 1.80 percent, Kibawe with 12,127.7061 hectares or 1.66 percent,
Cabanglasan with 10,871.1428 hectares or 1.49 percent, Damulog
with 8,951.2537 hectares or 1.22 percent, Malitbog with 4,777.7500
hectares or 0.65 percent, Sumilao with 5,024.6002 hectares or
0.69 percent and Maramag with only 157.6775 hectares or 0.02 percent
of the total area under assessment.
still remain as the most popular agricultural commodity produced
by farmers within the province. Based on the report submitted
by the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics Office revealed that
in the year 2004 about 194,175 hectares or 50.84 percent of the
total agricultural area developed for crop production is devoted
to corn followed by sugarcane with an aggregate area of 63,294
hectares or 16.57 percent of the total area harvested. While the
2 major crops are popularly grown because of its open market they
are at the same time considered as contributory elements to the
increasing local as well as national economic demand. The third
major agricultural crop as determined accordingly by the size
of its area is palay with 60,339 hectares or 15.80 percent of
the total productive agricultural area.
major agricultural crops also considered as substantial factors
for the development of our growing industrial economy includes
pineapple with a total harvested area of 18,200 hectares which
is higher by 0.68 percent compared to the area in year 2003, coffee
10,522 hectares, coconut 8,600 hectares with an increase of 23.58
percent over the previous year. Banana industry on the other hand,
is at the same time moving towards bigger economic perspective
as several major agro-industrial establishments are pursuing to
establish and to expand their plantations which is of course motivated
by the environmental suitability of the crop and the favorable
peace and order condition of the area. Currently, banana has a
total area of 6,868 hectares with an increase of 31.19 percent
over the 2003 figure. Cassava 5,777 hectares representing a 28.21
percent increase against the area in 2003, rubber 4,300 hectares,
abaca 3,072 hectares with a 0.75 percent increase over the previous
year, mango 2,356 hectares registering a decrease of 0.59 percent
from 2,370 hectares, while tomato registered an increase of 15.38
percent from 1,300 hectares in 2003 to 1,500 hectares in year
Land Tenure Improvement
Province of Bukidnon has a total agricultural land area of 368,479
hectares and since the inception of the agrarian reform program
the Department of Agrarian Reform Office was able to distribute
141,523.0791 hectares ending January 24, 2005. This program has
benefited a total of 59,945 farmers.
the year 2004 the Department of Agrarian Reform Provincial Office
has distributed a total of 88,517.3955 which is broken down as
Land Transfer (CLT)
Financial Institution (GFI)
Kabuhayan at Kaularan (KKK)
c. Land Acquisition
terms of land acquisition, the Department of Agrarian Reform was
able to acquire 53,005.6836 hectares which were described as private
agricultural land under the following categories:
hectares and below
to 24 hectares
hectares and more
and Poultry Inventory
and poultry industry in the province are classified as backyard
or commercial of which the 2004 report from the Office of the
Provincial Veterinarian indicates that backyard livestock and
poultry projects immensely outnumbered the volume of species on
commercial level projects except chicken whose increasing volume
is determined by the simultaneous influx of day old chicks brought
by the increasing number of poultry farms in the province.
the situational status of the livestock and poultry industry either
backyard or commercial project showed that in the year 2004 carabao
registered a total of 76,076 heads or 4.31 percent higher over
the 2003 figure of 72,929 heads, while cattle decreased by 2.82
percent from 110,918 heads in the year 2003 down to 107,788 heads
in the year 2004; swine also showed a decrease by 2.46 percent
from 321,010 heads in year 2003 to 313,100 heads in the year 2004,
goat and sheep altogether also reduced from 47,496 heads in year
2003 to 44,628 heads in year 2004 while chicken registered an
increase by 6.14 percent from 2,967,416 birds in the year 2003
to 3,149,561 birds in the year 2004, ducks on the other hand also
decreased by 6.33 percent from 326,158 birds in the year 2003
to 305,504 birds in the year 2004.
Provincial Veterinary Office is tasked to monitor the movement
of livestock and poultry products throughout the province and
above all responsible in providing health and relevant veterinary
services to all livestock and poultry. Various activities and
scientific measures were initiated to avoid the spread of viral
and other animal diseases. One of these is the establishment of
the Provincial Veterinary and Quarantine stations to all possible
gateways from adjacent provinces in order to check the entrance
of various livestock and poultry that might serve as vectors of
the unexpected animal diseases.
quarantine stations were strategically established in the following
places: Alae, Manolo Fortich, Gango, Libona, Nicdao Maasin, Baungon,
San Isidro Talakag, Lorega, Kitaotao, Omonay, Damulog and at Pamotolon,
Kalilangan. All incoming and outgoing livestock and poultry products
are strictly checked through these quarantine stations.
the year 2004, these facilities were able to register 29,621 heads
of livestock brought in from other provinces. These include 10,916
heads of cattle, 764 heads of carabaos, 254 heads of horses, 1,051
heads of goats, 262 heads of sheep and 16,374 heads of swine.
In like manner, the number of animals transported out of the province
reached to 203,881 heads, which include 20,580 heads of cattle,
6,166 heads of carabaos, 1,047 heads of horses, 3,383 heads of
goats, 2,987 heads of sheep and 169,718 heads of swine. Looking
back to the previous years record revealed that a change of 9.60
percent is reflected in the year 2004.
poultry products there were 8,991,812 heads of birds imported
in that same year. These include 531,677 heads of broilers, 9
heads of pullets, 8,402,798 heads of day-old chicks, 28,899 heads
of culled chicken, 5,228 heads of native chicken, 3,164 heads
of improved strains of chicken, 8,151 heads of game fowls, 10,887
heads of ducks, 61 heads of turkeys and 938 heads of geese. While
the volume of outgoing poultry products reached to 14,094,271
heads, These include 7,914,144 heads of broilers, 5,425,858 heads
of day-old chicks, 740,312 heads of culled chicken, 3,170 heads
of native chickens, 347 heads of improved strains of native chicken,
760 heads of game fowls, 6,959 heads of ducks, 3 heads of turkeys
and 2,718 heads of geese, which shows a total change of 38.78
of Animals Slaughtered in Government Abattoirs
record on the number of slaughtered livestock and poultry for
the year 2004 showed a decrease by about 47.81 percent compared
to the previous year’s production. The decline on the number of
batch means a decrease in the supply of meat in the market, which
is at the same, considered as a manifestation of economic deficiency
currently experienced by the people in the province.
services on cattle is pegged at 7.84 percent decrease over the
previous year or 8,667 heads in year 2003 to 7,987 heads in year
2004. Hog registered a 5.60 percent deficit over the previous
year with 69,455 heads in year 2003 to 65,562 heads in year 2004,
goat represented 14.12 percent decrease from 1,055 heads in year
2003 to 906 heads in year 2004, chicken on the other hand showed
high rate of decrease at 53.00 percent from 728,958 birds in year
2003 to 342,547 birds in year 2004. However, carabao registered
an increase of 88.20 percent with 3,094 heads in year 2003 to
5,823 heads in year 2004 while horse with 13 heads in year 2003
to 497 heads in year 2004 or a change of 3,723.03 percent. For
ostrich we have registered 74 heads slaughtered in year 2004.
and Poultry Farms
has been blessed with a verdant environment and a soothing weather
condition that is very advantageous to livestock and poultry industry.
And aside from its climatological advantages the sustainability
of feed supply materials are also available.
the early days of civilization, cattle and carabao production
are one of the major industries in the province. But due to an
enormous need for development through crop production in order
to sustain the increasing demand of food for the increasing number
of inhabitants, areas previously developed for livestock production
were abandoned and converted into crop production areas.
record reveals that in the year 2004, 98 cattle ranches remained
productive of which majority are located in the municipalities
of Libona, Malaybalay City, Manolo Fortich, Valencia City, Impasug-ong,
Talakag, and Quezon. Hogs and poultry farms on the other hand
are also growing with a total number of 99 and 165 respectively.
of 2004, the aggregate area developed for fish production reached
238.25 hectares depicting a 60.25 percent increase over the area
in year 2003 which is 178 hectares. Total production including
fingerlings was pegged at 1,019.59 metric tons.
and Pesticide Dealers
the year 2004 the Department of Agriculture reported a total of
118 agricultural input dealers throughout the province who are
actively providing services for the input need of our local farmers.
These excludes the municipalities of Baungon and Malitbog.
have 8 in Cabanglasan, 3 in Damulog, 1 in Dangcagan, 10 in Don
Carlos, 1 in Impasug-ong, 2 in Kadingilan, 8 in Kalilangan, 7
in Kibawe, 1 in Kitaotao, 4 in Lantapan, 1 in Libona, 17 in Malaybalay
City, 6 in Manolo Fortich, 9 in Maramag, 1 in Pangantucan, 4 in
Quezon, 3 in San Fernando, 5 in Sumilao, 1 in Talakag and 26 in
purposes of establishing a venue for the production of improved
and quality varieties of planting materials, as well as a medium
in the application of modern agricultural technology, the Provincial
Government through the Department of Agriculture established 3
experimental stations namely: the Kisolon Seed Farm located in
Kisolon, Sumilao; the Northern Mindanao Agricultural Research
Center located at Dalwangan, Malaybalay City and the Bukidnon
Agriculture and Fishery Complex in the Municipality of Kibawe.
facilities had been producing highbred seeds of palay, potato,
and other upland crops as well as fingerlings of tilapia, hito