Commission on Population     
 Regional Population Office No. 10

       J.V. Seriña St., Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City

"Tatlumpu't limang taong paglilingkod tungo sa matatag na Pilipinong pamilya"

Province of BUKIDNON


Physical Characteristics

Physical Feature and Composition

Bukidnon, a rich tableland, is a landlocked province in Northern Mindanao. It occupies the extensive plateau in Central Mindanao that is bounded on the north and the east by Misamis Oriental; on the east by Agusan Province; on the south and southeast by Davao province; and on the southwest and west by Lanao and Cotabato Provinces.

The Province lies between the parallels 7o 25' and 8o 38' north latitude, and the meridians 124o 03' and 125o 16' east longitude, and has an area of 829,378 hectares representing 2.76 per cent of the country's total land area. Malaybalay, the capital, is about 850 kilometers by air from Manila and 91 kilometers by road from Cagayan de Oro City.

Bukidnon is the only province in Mindanao that does not have a coast line. It is in the north central part of the island. Mount Kitanglad (2,938 meters), an extinct volcano, occupies the center and dominates the Bukidnon plateau. Mount Kalatungan (2,824 meters) and Mount Tankulan (1,678 meters) are the highest peaks in the southern part. The whole eastern and southwestern border adjoining Agusan, Davao and Cotabato are lofty mountains and densely forested mountains. Although the Province has lofty mountains, the greater part is a gently rolling grassland plateau cut by deep and wide canyons of the Cagayan, Pulangui and Tagoloan Rivers and their branches, and other rivers. At Mailag, 23 kilometers south of Malaybalay, the plateau begins to descend and gradually merges into the lowlands of Cotabato province.

Except for the southern part which is sedimentary and the limited alluvial plains along the larger rivers, the whole of Bukidnon is of volcanic origin-lava and igneous rocks. The low grassy hills east of the City of Malaybalay and those near the barangays of Maluko and Dalirig of the municipality of Manolo Fortich in the northern part, however, are mainly metamorphic (schist) rocks, some with cappings of limestones.

Political Subdivision

The Province is composed of 20 municipalities and two component cities. It has a total of 464 barangays Among the municipalities, Kitaotao, with 35 barangays, has the most, followed by Quezon with 31 barangays. Sumilao has the least with only 10 barangays. The component cities of Malaybalay and Valencia have 46 and 31 barangays, respectively.

For purposes of congressional administration, the province is divided into three (3) districts.

The first District of Bukidnon has eight municipalities with a total land area of 272,610 hectares comprising about 32.9 percent of the total area of the province. It has 135 barangays.

The Second district has a total land area of 375,157 hectares comprising four municipalities and the Cities of Malaybalay and Valencia. It has a total of 143 barangays.

The third district has eight municipalities and a total land area of 181,611 hectares. It has a total of 186 barangays .


Observations by PAG-ASA from 1999-2003 showed that Bukidnon has two prevailing types of climatic variations in the rainfall pattern existing between the northern and southern sections. The northern part falls under the third or intermediate A type, i.e, no very pronounced maximum rain period with a short dry season lasting only for one to three months. The southern part, beginning from Malaybalay, falls under the fourth type of intermediate B type, i.e, no very pronounced maximum rain period and no dry seasons. Rains are very frequent, almost daily for the rest of the year. Though the province is nearer the equator than Luzon island, the climate is pleasant due to its altitude and the usual extreme heat of the tropical region is lacking. Moreover, the province is outside the path of typhoons.

The annual average monthly rainfall distribution from 1999-2003 is 239.96mm. The rainy seasons last from March to October when monthly fall are generally somewhat in excess of 200.00 mm. The drier season has mean monthly falls of generally 50 to 150 mm. Records indicate that the months of January, February, November and December show a reasonable regularity or no effective rainfall.

Monthly temperature characteristics taken from Malaybalay PAGASA Station. Maximum annual average of 30.2oC and minimum of 18.1oC while the mean annual average temperature is 24.2oC.

Language and Dialects

The most spoken dialects by members of the households in the Province is Cebuano. It is the means of communication of 44.51 percent of the total Provincial Households. Other dialects were Bisaya 29.10 percent, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo of 7.29 percent, and Bukidnon/Binukid with 6.81 percent.

Religious Affiliation

Religion is a highly important social element in the lives of the people of Bukidnon. More than three fourth of 77.42 percent of the population were Roman Catholics. However, it does appear that other Christian groups have gained some grounds in the Province. The second dominant religious group are the Seventh Day Adventist. They comprise 4.02 percent of the population. Association of the Fundamental Baptist Church in the Philippines comprise 3.47 percent and other religious affiliation included Iglesia Ni Cristo 1.59 percent and Aglipay 1.51 percent.


Of the total 1,060,253 household population in Bukidnon 95,22 percent were Filipinos. This was lower by 4.48 percentage points from the 1990 figure. The British, with a total household population of 2,739 or 0.26 % are the second most numerous. Other foreigner residents are the Indonesian 0.05 percent, Americans 0.03 percent, Chinese 0.02 percent who engaged in business.


Human Resources

Population Size and Growth

The 2000 census count placed the population of Bukidnon at 1,060,415 individuals. This population constitutes 38.6 percent of Region X population and 1.4 percent of the country's total.

The 2000 population of the province, representing 11.4 percent from its 1990 level of 843,891 or an average annual growth rate of 2.2 percent.

The current 1,060,415 individuals residing in the province represent a 12.7 percent increase over the 1995 total residents or an average annual growth rate of 2.4 percent. Increasing economic opportunities in the province that attract investors, as well as migrants, are the key factors that would influence population growth.

If the annual population growth rate continues at 2.4 percent, the population is expected to double in 27 years, increasing by 27,626 persons every year or three person per hour.

Population by District and Municipality

District I which has 8 municipalities has a population of 293,763 in 2000. This district has the smallest population among the three districts constituting 27.7 percent of the province's population.

District II with 4 municipalities and two component cities has a total population of 417,622. Its population is the largest in the province, representing 39.4 percent of the total in the province. The percent annual average change of population for the period 1995-2000 of District II is 13.85 percent, this is relatively high compared to districts I and II with only 13.37 and 10.86 percent respectively.

District III is composed of eight municipalities with a total population of 349,030. The percent change of population in 1995-2000 period is 10.8 percent, an increase of 1.01 from the 1990-1995 period of 9.63 percent. General observation shows that the growth of the population during the period 1990-1995 is relatively slow as compared to the 1995-2000 population.

An inter-municipality analysis of population shows that the municipality of Quezon, in District III has the highest at 7.8 percent of the provincial total. The second is Maramag, also in District III at 75,253 or 7.1 percent of the total residents. The Municipalities of Sumilao and Damulog have the smallest population with only 17,958 and 19,315, respectively.

The two component cities of Valencia and Malaybalay register changes in population for years 1990-1995 and 1995-2000. Valencia residents increase from 11.14 percent to 15.07 percent while the Malaybalay registered a decrease, from 18.97 percent to 10.15 percent.

In terms of population growth, Damulog registered the highest among the municipalities at 6.26 percent during the period 1995-2000. The municipality of Impasug-ong comes next with 4.01 percent. The municipalities of Kadingilan, and Kitaotao registered negative growth rates of (0.18) and (0.35), respectively.

Population Density

With a land area of 8,293.78 square kilometers and an ever-growing population, the average population density of the province is 129 persons per square kilometer during the year 2000. The municipality of Don Carlos has the highest population density at 353 persons followed by Kitaotao with 250 persons per square kilometer. The Municipality of Impasugong has the least population density at 29 persons per square kilometer of land.

Among the districts, District III is the most densely populated with an average population density of 192 persons per square kilometer. District II has 112 persons per square kilometer and District I has 129.

Urban-Rural Distribution

A total of 313,165 persons or 29.53 percent of the total provincial population resides in the various urban areas of the province. The majority constitutes 747,250 persons or 20.8 percent in the countryside.

Among the three districts, District II is the most urbanized, having an urbanization rate of 35.22 percent in 2000. This is because the City of Valencia is considered the major population growth center.

Sex and Age Structure

Males outnumber the females with a total provincial population of 546,234 or 51.5 percent with a sex ratio of .06 males for every 100 females. The female population is 514,181 or 48.5 percent.

The age structure of the province's population reveals a relatively young population with 446,952 or 44 percent belonging to the age group of 0 – 14. This proportion implies a heavy economic burden on the working group population (ages 15-64) that constitutes 584,990 or 55.2 percent. The older group (ages 65 and over) comprises only 2.7 percent.

Education and Literacy

The literacy rate of the household population 10 years old and over of the province is 88 percent. The Household population of literate females is 88.8 percent while of that of the literate males is 87.2 percent.

The highest education level achieved by the majority of the households is elementary education at 53.90 percent while 22.63 percent reached high school. The proportions of those who reached or attended college were academic degree holders and with post baccalaureate courses were recorded at 6.27 percent, 1.82 percent and 0.46 percent respectively.

Labor Force and Employment

Based on the NSO 2002 Employment Statistics, the province has a total labor force of 677,000 persons (15 years old and over). This constitutes a labor force participation rate of 82.8 percent. Of the total labor force, 96.5 percent are fully employed while 3.5 percent are unemployed.

1. Employment by Major Industry Group

Majority or 77.7 percent of the total employed workers are in the Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry industries. A small percentage, 13.4 percent, is working in Personal Services. Only 0.1 percent are employed in Electricity, Gas and Water Services.

2. Occupation

The major occupation with the largest number of workers employed are Farmers, Forestry workers and Fishermen with 180,415 or 30.5 percent. Elementary school teachers occupation rank second with 12.4 percent workers while the least worker was on technicians andassociated professional groups with 0.5 percent workers.

Income Distribution

Twenty-seven (27) percent of the total number of families in Bukidnon numbering 45,726 out of the 165,538 has an annual income of =20,000-29,999. In contrast, only 0.7 percent earns an annual income of 250,000 and above.



Natural Resources

Land Area

Bukidnon has a total land area of 829,378 hectares, representing 2.76 percent of the country’s total land area and 59.10 percent of the region. The municipality of Impasug-ong shares the biggest land area of 107,167.00 hectares equivalent to 12.92 percent of the total. It is followed by Malaybalay City, Talakag and San Fernando with 98,438.00, 83,370 and 63,863 hectares respectively. On the other hand, the municipality of Dangcagan has the smallest land area with only 11,515.00.

Land Classification

Of the provincial total land area of 829,378 hectares, about 38.77 percent or 321,576 hectares is considered as Alienable and Disposable while the remaining 61.23 percent or 507,802 hectares is considered as forestland of which 450,023 hectares (88.62 percent) are classified forest while the remaining 57,779 hectares (11.37 percent) remains to be unclassified.

Forest Land Classification

Forestland is classified into two, the Protection and Production Forest. Protection Forest covers a total area of 309,627 hectares while Production Forest covers a total area of 198,175 hectares.

Vegetative Cover

Forestland is divided into forested and non-forested. Forested area covers 45.5 percent or a total area of 231,048 hectares while non-forested area covers 54.5 or 276,754 hectares.

MIneral Resources

The Province has several natural deposits, such as gold, chromites, copper, manganese, quartz, white clay and limestone.

Authorized by the government per operation includes limestone, chromites, feldspar, copper, quartz and gold. As of August 2004, there were 30 small-scale mining permittees and 46 sand and gravel permittees authorized by the government with allowable volume of extraction of 50,000 metric tons and 1,000 cu.m. respectively.

Industry and Trade

Banking Institutions

As of CY 2003, there are 43 banking institutions operate in the province. Rural banks now dominate the province banking system numbering to 15 units, followed by commercial banks with 13, government banks 8, cooperative banks 7 and 1 postal bank.

The system which banking institutions mobilize domestic resources include savings deposits, time deposits, etc. These are also the sources of funds for the banks lending operations.

Private Lending Institutions

Many private lending institutions operate in the province. These sectors provide ready cash to most of the traders for their operations. They also cater the needs of farmers and other individuals who would like to avail of their services.

The City of Valencia has the most number of private lending institutions followed by the City of Malaybalay. This is attributed to the fact that the two component cities are relatively growing fast in its development.

Registered Establishments

DTI records show that as of December 2003 there were 3,972 registered establishments in Bukidnon. Of these trading/retailing, activities are 55 percent while manufacturing and servicing accounts for 6 percent and 34 percent respectively. Production accounts for 5 percent. These establishments were mostly located in the growing economic centers of the cities of Malaybalay and Valencia and the municipalities of Don Carlos, Maramag and Manolo Fortich.

Business Establishments

A total of 29 hotels/inns/lodging houses are located in the province of which the cities of Valencia and Malaybalay have two first class hotels. These hotels also host conventions and conferences. Twenty-seven convention centers are situated in the different municipalities with 113 restaurants and snack centers. Specialty dishes are mostly Filipino and Chinese. There are 52 shopping centers and 76 sports and recreational facilities.

Grains Procurement and Facilities

As of CY 2003, there were 27,305 bags of palay procured by the office of the National Food Authority. Total volume of grains sold reached to 42,797 while total rice and refined sugar dispersed 4,553 and 200 bags respectively.

Likewise, NFA has five existing warehouses. These are located in Aglayan, Valencia, Musuan, Maramag and Kalilangan.

One vital component of agricultural production is the post harvest facilities that are provided to the farmers. As of December 2003, the province has a total of 20 driers, 222 rice & corn mills, 61 shellers, 7 threshers and 315 warehouses.



Social Services

Education and Arts


1.1 Public Elementary

Public elementary schools increased from 614 in SY 2002-2003 to 615 for SY 2003-2004. This reflected a rise of 0.16 percent. The number of teachers also reflected an upsurge - though also at a measly 0.02 percent.

Enrolment declined by 1.55 percent. From a total of 204,024 pupils in SY 2002-2003, it dropped to 200,870 in SY 2003-2004.

The number of classrooms declined by 2.21 percent. From 4,644 facilities in SY 2002-2003, it dropped to 4,576 in SY 2003-2004.

1.2 Private Elementary

For SY 2003-2004, religious institutions and private entities administered 53 schools. This, however, reflected a decline of 1.85 percent when compared with the 54 schools for SY 2002-2003.

Students enrolled in private schools also dropped. From 6,458 students in SY 2002-2003, it decreased to 6,315 (SY 2003-2004) or 2.21 percent reduction in enrolment.

The number of teachers that provided instruction numbered 230 (SY 2002-2003). When compared with SY 2003-2004, it reflected a 1.85 percent decline.

1.3 Performance Indicators (Public Elementary)

The participation rate for SY 2003-2004 dropped to 96.51 percent from 98 percent in SY 2002-2003. It showed that 96 percent of the total population, aged 7 to 12 years, attend school in SY 2003-2004. When compared with the previous school year, it reflected a 1.52 percent decline.

The retention rate or the portion of the enrolment of the previous year that remained in school for SY 2003-2004, had a rate of 88.02 percent. It reflected a decline of 1.9 percent when compared with the retention rate of SY 2002-2003.

The transition rate (the percentage of pupils who progress from primary to intermediate grades) decreased by 1.4 percent. From a rate of 92.89 in SY 2002-2003, it declined to 91.57 percent in SY 2003-2004.

The percentage of first grade entrants who eventually finish the sixth grade (or completion rate) increased by 4.2 percent. From a rate of 52.80 percent for SY 2002-2003, it climbed to 55.01 for SY 2003-2004.

The repetition rate or proportion of pupils who enroll in the same grade more than once significantly increased by 387.5 percent. From a rate 0.80 in SY 2002-2003, it increased to 3.90 in SY 2003-2004.

The dropout rate or the pupils who leave school, registered a rate of 58 percent for SY 2003-2004. This 58 percent figure reflected a substantial increase of over 426 percent when compared with SY 2002-2003(11.02%).

Textbook-Pupil ratio revealed an increase of 33 percent for SY 2003-2004. It showed an allocation of eight books for every pupil during the same school year. This allocation reflected a significant increase over the previous school year of six books for every pupil.


2.1 Public Secondary

Public secondary schools escalated from 44 in SY 2002-2003 to 46 for SY 2003-2004. This reflected an increased of 4.55 percent in the number of secondary schools. The number of teachers also reflected a 7.33 percent increase over the previous school year.

Enrolment registered an upsurge by 8.15 percent over the previous school year. From 51,174 in SY 2002-2003, student registration for SY 2003-2004 surged to 55,343.

School facilities included 795 classrooms in SY 2002-2003, which rose to 1,013 in SY 2003-2004, revealing a 27.42 percent increase.

2.2 Private Secondary

Privately-administered secondary schools increased by 1.49 percent for SY 2003-2004 against SY 2002-2003. However, teachers who served these institutions declined by 0.36 percent.

Enrolment showed an upsurge. From 24,252 students in SY 2002-2003, it increased to 35,025 in SY 2003-2004.

2.3 Performance Indicators (Public Secondary)

The participation rate declined by 96.12 percent (SY 2003-2004) from 98.15 percent in SY 2002-2003. It suggested a 2.5 percent decline of the population aged 13 to 16 years, who enrolled in SY 2003-2004.

The retention rate or the portion of enrolment that remained in school registered a rate of 85.10 percent in SY 2003-2004. It reflected a 3.6 percent decline when compared with SY 2002-2003.

The percentage of first year entrants who eventually finish high school (the completion rate) increased by 1.6 percent. From a rate of 60.0 for SY 2002-2003, it climbed to 60.96 for SY 2003-2004.

The repetition rate or proportion of pupils who enrolled in the same year level more than once increased by 22.70 percent. From a rate 2.20 percent in SY 2002-2003, it increased to 2.70 in SY 2003-2004.

The portion of students who leave school (drop-out rate) registered a significant increase of 388 percent when comparing SY 2003-2004 and 2002-2003.

Teacher-Student ratio or the number of students for every teacher registered an 8 percent increase when comparing the two school years.

However, textbook-Student ratio or the number of textbooks allocated for each student registered a decline. From five textbooks for every student, it declined to four textbooks per student in SY 2003-2004, revealing a 20 percent decrease.

The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) accredited 12 technical and vocational schools in SY 2002-2003.

Among the short-term programs offered by these schools, computer-based courses remained the most popular. For SY 2002-2003, 838 students enrolled in these programs against 820 in 2001-2002, or a 2.20 percent increase when compared with the previous school year.

Automotive technology students, however had the highest increase between school years. It increased from 195 to 270 students, or a 38.46 percent rise for SY 2002-2003.

On the downside, enrollees taking up Police Science declined by 48.68 percent in SY 2002-2003.

Dressmaking and stenography had during enrollees for SY 2002-2003.

Graduates of technical-vocational courses declined by of 23 percent for SY 2002-2003 when compared against SY 2001-2002.

Automotive technology graduates reflected an increase. From nine graduates in SY 2001-2002, it increased to 31 in SY 2002-2003 or an impressive 244 percent rise.

Computer-based and electrical/electrical technology graduates posted a decrease in SY 2002-2003. Students enrolled in these short-term courses dropped by 100 percent, 15 percent and 47 percent respectively. Short-term business management courses had no graduates for SY 2002-2003.


3.1 Tertiary Enrolment and Number of Graduates (Public and Private)

Enrolment in the tertiary level in state-run institutions increased by 10.28 percent in SY 2003-2004 when compared to SY 2002-2003. From 12,476 enrollees in SY 2002-2003, it rose to 13,759 students in SY 2003-2004.

Students who completed their baccalaureate and post graduate degrees in the public schools increased to 2,617 in SY 2003-2004 from 2,293 in SY 2002-2003.

Private-run institutions also showed an upsurge in enrolment by 8.93 percent. From 5,652 students in SY 2002-2003, it increased to 6,157 in SY 2003-2004.

Graduates from these private institutions also posted an increase of 6.27 percent. From 941 graduates in SY 2002-2003, it increased to 1,000 in SY 2003-2004.


Health and Welfare

Provincial Hospitals

The Provincial Government has seven operational hospitals. It administers a tertiary hospital in the City of Malaybalay, a secondary facility at Maramag and five primary hospitals in the municipalities of Kalilangan, Kibawe, Malitbog, San Fernando and Talakag. For 2003, these hospitals had a combined bed-capacity of 175 or a 1.16 increase against the 4-year average of 173-beds.

Personnel complement include 39 physicians, up by 8.3 percent against the 4-year average of 36. Nurses slightly increase by 1.2 percent or 84 nurses against the 4-year average of 83.

The number of laboratory aides increase by 100 percent against the 4-year average.

Conversely, dentists and dieticians incurred a reduction by 50 percent of their work force. Also, the number of x-ray technicians declined by 100 percent.

The number medical technologists slid to nine personnel against ten for the past 4-year average or a 10 percent decline.

Health Facilities

Municipal/city health centers operate in the 20 municipalities and the two cities. Yet, due to the goal of Governor Jose Ma. R. Zubiri, Jr. to bring basic health services closer to the masses, he instituted the construction of 15 provincial health stations. Established where provincial hospitals where non-existent, these newly built facilities supplement the health needs of the residents at the local levels.

The number of barangay health stations grew from 312 for the 4-year average to 347 in 2003 or 11.22 percent increase in the number of these facilities.

Private hospitals and clinics likewise increase to 71 in 2003 from 65 for the 4-year average or a 9.23 percent upsurge.

Vital Health Statistics

For 2003, crude births or the number of infants born for every 1,000 population reflected a rate of 23.24. This figure revealed a 7.09 percent increase when compared with the past 5-year average (21.70 per 1,000 population).

Crude deaths or the number of persons that died for every 1,000 population registered a rate of 2.79. This suggested that for every 1,000 population 2.79 of them passed away during the year. When pegged against the past 5-year average (2.43 per 1,000 population), this figure reflected a 14.75 percent increase.

Infant mortality of the province registered a rate of 5.95 for the year 2003. This means that for every 1,000 infants delivered during same ear, 5.95 of them would not reach their first birthday. When compared against the past 5-year average (7.32), this figure revealed an 18.67 percent decline in the number of infant deaths.

The maternal mortality registered a rate of 1.05 per 1,000 live births. This rate signified that per 1,000 infants born, 1.05 deaths occur among the women who recently gave birth. This figure reflected a 3.77 decline percent when compared with the past 5 year average rate of 1.09.

Livebirths and Birthweights

The provincial population increased by 26,422 live births. Out of this total, males numbered 14,487. This figure reflected a 19.02 percent increase over the 5-year average of 12,172. Females also posted an increase of 11,935 or 8.36 percent rise compared with the 5-year average of 11,014.

Infants weighing 2,500 grams and greater stood at 20,082. It reflected a decline of 0.11 percent against the 5-year average of 20,103. Those weighing less than 2,500 grams increased substantially by 6,188. This gives a 154.13 percent rise against the 5-year average. However, babies with unknown birth weights significantly declined to 152 or 76.54 percent when compared with the past 5-year average.

Livebirths by Place and Type of Pregnancy

More than three fourths or 87 percent of total number of births occur at the home (graph). The 23,029 infants delivered in the home increased by 8.72 over the past 5-year average. In the case of birth deliveries at the hospitals, the figures reached 3,134 infants. It showed an increase of 66.70 percent over the past 5-year average of 1,880. Other places of births, aside from the hospital and in the home, reflected the highest increase (93 percent) when compared with its 5-year average of 134.

Livebirths by Place of Delivery

Mothers at risk during their pregnancies declined to 8,064 or a 21.17 percent drop when compared with the 5-year average of 10,230. Those with normal pregnancies increased to 17,977 or 55.18 percent boost over the 5-year average of 11,585.

Birth deliveries classified as neither risk nor normal, declined by an average of 72.33 percent. It dropped to 381 in 2003 from a high of 1,377 for the past 5-year average.

Livebirths and Attendance

Trained and Untrained Hilots provided the most care to expectant mothers. The number of services they provided registered a combined increase of 17,372 or a combined rise of 12.49 over its 5-year average.

Attendants at Birth

Among the medical workers, midwives provided the most services during birth deliveries. Their assistance, however, recorded the least - a measly 2.02 percent, when compared with doctors and nurses.

Among the medical professionals, assistance provided by doctors registered the highest increase. Data shows that 3,142 of them provided services to mothers during birth deliveries. This 78.02 percent figure reflected a high point surge compared with the 5-year average. Nurses attending to expectant mothers also registered a modest increase to 210 or 22.95 percent rise compared with the 5-year average of 171.

Ten Leading Causes of Mortality

CVA/Hypertension, the main cause of deaths among provincial residents, exhibited a rate of 48.55 per 100,000 population against 38.16 for the past 5-year average. It reflects an increase by 27.23 percent.

Septicemia, diseases of the liver, diseases of the heart, diseases of the kidneys, posted increases against their 5-year averages of 25.43 percent, 24.28 percent, 23.08 percent, and 22.41 percent respectively.

Cancers, pneumonias and accidents also exhibited double-digit increases in the number of cases when compare with their 5-year averages. Cases of tuberculosis increased as well, albeit by a small margin –a 1.42 percent rise against its 5-year average.

Peptic ulcers, however, showed a decline - registering a rate of 5.01 per 1,000 population against 5.29 percent for its 5-year average.

Ten Leading Causes of Infant Mortality

Pneumonia, the lead cause of infant deaths had a rate 1.25 per 1,000 live births. It signifies that for every 1,000 infants born during year 2003, 1.25 of them eventually succumb to the illness..

This 1.25 figure however, reflected a 35.57 percent decline when compared with the 5 year average of 1.94.

Among other causes of infant deaths, two of them exhibited an increase in the number of cases when compared with their 5-year averages. Birth injury/Accidents registered the highest –0.23 per 1,000 live births against its 5-year average of 0.09. Prematurity exhibited a rate 1.25 per 1,000 live births or a 52.44 percent increase against its 5-year average.

Main Causes of Maternal Mortality

Postpartum hemorrhage, the lead cause of maternal deaths exhibited a decline of 0.61 per 1,000 live births when compared with its 5-year average of 0.65. This represents a 6.15 percent decrease.

Conversely, hypertensions in pregnancy, the second leading cause, exhibited a significant upsurge by 0.23 per 1,000 live births or a 64.29 percent increase compared with its 5-year average.

Other causes of deaths of mothers during birth deliveries include abortions, abruptio placenta, ruptured ectopic pregnancy, sepsis and amniotic fluid embolism.

Ten Leading Causes of Morbidity

Among the causes of morbidity, gastric and duodenal ulcers, injuries (domestic/vehicular) and diseases of the kidneys posted the highest increase.

From a low of 93 (5 year average) per 100,000 population, cases of ulcers increased to 256 (2003) or a 175.27 percent rise in incidence. Together with injuries and diseases of the kidneys, these diseases registered more than 150 percent upsurge in incidences against their 5-year averages.

Cases of diarrheas and CVA/hypertension escalated to more than 30 percent. Pneumonias, bronchitis and influenza posted increases of 28.17 percent, 14.82 percent and 12.97 percent respectively.

However, cases of schistosomiasis and TB respiratory recorded a decline by 25.98 percent and 20.66 percent when compared with their 5-year averages.

Malnutrition Rates by Municipality/City

Malnutrition rates for the 15 municipalities and the cities of Malaybalay and Valencia significantly declined alongside their 5-year averages.  
These municipalities and the two cities posted an impressive double-digit reduction in their malnutrition rates.

The City of Malaybalay and the municipality of Kadingilan topped the list, reducing their rates by 46.92 percent and 40.78 percent, respectively.

The municipalities of Sumilao, Kitaotao, San Fernando, Talakag, Malitbog, Maramag, Lantapan, Baungon, Kalilangan, Impasug-ong, Quezon, on Carlos and the City of Valencia also posted declines of more than 10 percent against their 5-year averages.

Cabanglasan and Kibawe, the remaining municipalities to post reductions, revealed a 7.33 percent and 3.86 percent drop against their 5-year averages.

Conversely, the municipalities of Damulog, Manolo Fortich, Libona and Pangantucan, recorded single digit increases.

The municipality of Dangcagan posted the highest upsurge. It registered a double digit rise of 18.85 percent compared with the 5-year average.

Family Planning Program (Current Users)

Among birth control methods, current users preference for male sterilization registered a notable increase of 309 or 518 percent rise against the past 5-year average of 50.

Bilateral Tubal Ligation [BTL] also showed an upsurge in usage against its 5-year average of 1,117 to 2,451 for 2003, or an increase of 119.51 percent.

Gains in the acceptance of Natural Family Planning methods [NFP], Lactational Amenorrhea Method [LAM], Intrauterine Device [IUD], and Pills also registered a rise against their 5-year averages of 58.73 percent, 25.70 percent, 8.60 percent and 7.46 percent respectively.

Conversely, Depo-Medroxyprogesterone Acetate [DMPA] as well as condoms gradually lost their popularity among current users. Both forms of contraceptives registered a 11.56 percent and 2.05 percent declined.

Family Planning Program (New Acceptors)

New acceptors favored male sterilization as evident by the increase by men who underwent the procedure by 1,681.82 percent against its 5-year average. BTL, NFP, LAM, IUD also registered increases between 18 and 50 percent.

Compared with their 5-year averages, current users of pills, condoms and DMPA had been fewer for the year 2003. These contraceptives posted decreases in usage by 24.99 percent, 18.64 percent and 10.87 percent, respectively.

Household with Sanitary Facilities

The number of provincial households with sanitary toilets increases by 69.74 percent. It reflects a 2.12 percent upsurge against the 5-year average. Conversely, households with satisfactory garbage disposal dropped to 49.87 percent or 3.36 percent decline against the 5-year average- reversing the trend since year 2000.

Household with Access to Safe Water

Water systems categorized as Level II and Level I supplying provincial households declined to 30.76 percent and 24.90 percent. These figures show reductions by 2.30 percent for Level II and 6.21 percent for Level I when compared with the 5-year averages.

Households serviced by Level III water systems constituted a 29.21 percent of the total provincial households. This figure reflects a 32.25 percent rise against the 5-year provincial average of 22.62 percent.

Defense and Crime


Data from the Philippine National Police – Provincial Command show that index crimes slid to 530 incidences in the year 2003 against 708 for the past 5-year average, or a 25.12 percent decline.

Incidences of non-index crime significantly dropped by 34.20 percent. From a high of 562 (past 5-year average) it declined to 367 for the year 2003.

The number of crimes solved also slid to 831 cases against 1,193 for the 5-year average, or a 30.37 decline.

Crime solution efficiency, likewise, slightly dropped by 1.41 percent. From 93.97 percent for the past 5-year average, it fell to 92.64 percent in 2003.


Bureau of Fire Protection personnel complement include 94 men and women. Deployed in the municipalities of Don Carlos, Kalilangan, Kibawe, Lantapan, Manolo Fortich, Maramag, Pangantucan, Quezon, Talakag, and the cities of Malaybalay and Valencia, these 90 men and four women maintain and operate 17 fire trucks, as well as provide other services related to fire prevention.

Conversely, the municipalities of Baungon, Cabanglasan, Damulog, Dangcagan, Kadingilan, Kitaotao, Libona, Malitbog, San Fernando and Sumilao lack fire trucks and have no BFP personnel deployed in their localities.



Kaamulan is an indigenous Bukidnon term which literally means “gathering” for any purpose. It is a festival that carries you to another world in another era. Graced by cultural groups whose ways have remained unchanged through the centuries, tribal groups trek down from their traditional mountain dwellings to gather in unity, wearing their intricately woven costumes studded with trinkets, anklets, earrings, necklaces, leglets, headdresses and amulets. The hill tribes members dance, chat, compete in indigenous sports and perform ancient rituals. Each activity is a meaningful ceremony that reflects the richness and diversity of their culture. To the hill tribes, Kaamulan heralds the symbolic breakthrough of their long quest for meaning and identity. Above all, it provides an interesting ground for the unification of many tribes of Bukidnon and of the Filipino as a whole.

This event presents the rich custom and tradition of the seven ethnic hill tribes: Talaandig, Higaonon, Umayamnon, Manobo, Tigwahanon, Matigsalug and Bukidnon.


Natural Attractions

1. Kitanglad National Park – A natural type of attraction located at the north central Bukidnon. It has an area of 31,297.00 hectares composed of more than a dozen mountain peaks, including Mt. Dulang-dulang. The peak of the mountain could be reached through three trail routes, namely: Bol-ugan, Kaatuan, Lantapan, Lupiagan, Sumilao, Intavas, La Fortuna, and Impasugong.

Mt. Kitanglad, the second highest mountain in the country, towers to more than nine thousand feet serving as the base to the Province’s long distance communication towers. It also offers a challenge to mountain climbers to reach its summit; one has to scale its ranges for five hours passing through Flora and Fauna of genuine virgin forests. At the base are Lalawan, Dalwangan, and the house of the Philippine Eagle. It was declared as a National Park under P.O. 677 dated December 14, 1990.

2. Lake Apo – A natural type of lake located at Guinoyoran, Valencia City. This could be reached through jeepney and motorcycle. This twenty – four hectares eighty five feet deep lake is surrounded by mountains. It is an ideal place for boating and fishing.

3. Paiyak Cave – Found in the Palaopao Mountains of Sumilao, Bukidnon, this is a fifteen minutes ride and an hour and 50 minutes walk from Sayre Highway in Kisolon. This well-preserved Cliffside cave has created centuries old formations as gleaned from undistributed stalactites and stalagmites.

4. Pinamaloy Lake – This serene and tranquil lake can be seen from the highway of Don Carlos, Bukidnon. This is 50 hectares, guitar shaped and planted with Gmelina and Mahogany trees and good for boating and picnics.

5. Napalit lake – The 36 hectares seventy-eight feet deep lake in Pigtauranan, Pangantucan, is the foot of the Kalatungan Mountains. It stands out because of its twenty-four floating islets of varying sizes, the biggest of which is 50 feet wide. These islets float around the lake parallel to the direction of the wind.

6. .Nasuli Spring – Whatever your choice, there is no finer recreation experience than what is waiting for you to discover at Bangcud, Malaybalay City, a place where the solitude that one may crave can surely be found.

7. Mt. Pigtuyuan – Found in Sampagar, Damulog, a breast-like mountain and 250 feet high with a slope range from 30 to 50 percent and hosts PLDT, PILTEL, NAPOCOR, and DOTC transmitters.

8. Minlaya Falls – Located at Poblacion, Damulog, this is fifty-nine feet high falls which is 15 feet deep at the drop site.

9. Quarry Cave – Composed of several interconnected passages and has several opening/ outlets. The width ranges from .60 m to 19.10 m while its height ranges from 1 meter to 6 meters located at East Poblacion of Kitaotao.

10. Liropan Cave – Found in Kiabo, Malitbog, this is about 30 to 45 minutes ride from Poblacion which is noted for its deposit of organic fertilizer “Guano”. A milky white water discharges within a creek.

11. Malagaha Lake – Located in Barangay Kalingking, Malitbog and about 15 minutes ride from Poblacion. It is a hunting area for wild ducks, likewise a fishing ground for mudfish.

12. Mt. Kitanglad – Rising up to 9,696 feet above sea level, this second highest peak in the Philippines has been declared as the highest in biodiversity. The temperature varies from 64 to 56o F and is planted mostly with Alvizza Falcantria and other medical trees. Most of which grows on trees still dripped with dew even at twelve o’clock high noon. Mt. Kitanglad is home to the Philippine Eagle.

13. Sleeping Giant Mountain – This scenery attracts the catchy eyes of nature loving travellers traversing the highway bound for Kisolon in Sumilao. Such scenery is an epitome of serenity and contentment where, even giants could take rest due to tempting calmness offered by God given nature.

14. Alalum Falls – Surrounded by trees, rocks and a variety of plants within the outgrowths of Sumilao, this waterfalls boasts of its natural drop of cascading waters.

15. Musuan Peak/Centennial Park – A 30 minute hike from the base to the summit, this peak gives you peace of mind and you can really appreciate the abundance of nature of what the almighty has bestowed upon us. It is situated at the north east side of Musuan, Dologon in Maramag, where the famous state owned Central Mindanao University rises.

16. Pulangui River – Flowing down the inlands of Bukidnon, this majestic river entails to scenic and serene view devoting itself to the beauty of nature with lush forest and hills along its riverbank.

17. Dila Falls – Blessed with a breathtaking display of granite rock and boulders and a pleasantly cool waters, this waterfalls has become a destination for swimming and recreation. Trekking towards this high rapid waterfalls provides a very tricky hike deep in the heart of Impasugong, Bukidnon.

18. Mt. Kalatungan Range Natural Park – Situated in the central part of Bukidnon, Mt. Kalatungan comprises an estimated area o 35,812.52 hectares and an elevation of 1,000 meters above sea level with several mountain reef. Drawn by the lure of overwhelming slope and ledges, this is where nature makes an eloquent declaration of beauty and power. Sites and rock abundant, wildlife thrives on native grasslands, and spectacular views of the plains offer an escape from the rush of the highway.
19. Sumalsag Cave – Known as the largest cave in the province, this remarkable sign boast of its bats, swifts and spiders thriving in its wall and ceiling crevices, its narrowed column locks in deeply that many venture in to enjoy its natural beauty.

20. Basag Cave – The presence of eight waterfalls, all in the cave is incredibly unique. There is also an abundance of stalactites, stalagmites and cascades that is yet to remain undisturbed by humans. Situated in sitio Basag, Kilabong, Sumilao.

Manmade Attractions

1. Del Monte Philippines Inc. - This pineapple plantation is located in Manolo Fortich, Libona, Impasugong and Sumilao. It is considered the biggest pineapple plantation in the Far East.

2. Del Monte Golf Course – One of the major destinations in the region which offers world class 18 hole golf course is this perfectly landscaped recreation area located at Kawayanon, Manolo Fortich. Its mini lake and green grass allow enthusiasts to marvel its beauty.

3. Mangima Canyon – Dubbed as the Kennon Road by the South and the Purple Heart Canyon by American Veterans, the zigzag road of Mangima Canyon at Manolo Fortich awes visitors who visit the place with its naturally scenic spot.

4. Mangima Spring Resort – This is a local government initiated project. The resort comprises more or less 4-6 hectares. Presently, the resort is with four operational swimming pools. It is ideal for family gatherings and relaxation since the site is with surrounding hills and mountains.

5. Impalutao Reforestation Project – Faced with so much overwhelming evidence of natures complexity, this place emphasizes the wonder of the forces that can create such beauty and diversity. Even a short stroll away from the trappings of civilization kindles a closer personal connection with the intrinsic rhythms of nature.

6. Bukidnon Forest Inc. – With the sounds of birds blending in tuneful harmony to the quiet canopy of trees, this 36,000 hectare reforestation project demonstrates the compatibility of nature with economic objectives.

7. Kaamulan Park – Located at the back of the Provincial Capitol, the area is best used for camping and rodeo activities. It has been the site of provincial fairs, foremost of which is the KAAMULAN Festival. The park in its natural setting abounds with pine trees.

8. MGM Resort – Its facilities are so inviting that visitors who set eyes upon them could not begin to describe their fascination. This popular resort at Dologon, Maramag soothes the weary traveller and relaxes the soul.

9. Luan-luan Spring and Swimming Pool – Located within the Poblacion, Quezon. It is a place where several springs flow the whole year round. It is popular for swimming.

10. Ver Overview – A high point located at sitio kipolot, Palaopao, Quezon. The properly landscaped area offers the viewers a panorama of beautiful rolling hills and plains of Bukidnon.

11. Bukidnon Sugar Central – The Bukidnon Sugar Company (BUSCO) is one of the sugar central in Northern Mindanao. This P40 million-sugar mill has a processing capacity of 4,000 to 6,000 tons of cane daily. It is located at Butong, Quezon, Bukidnon.

12. Crystal Sugar Company Incorporated (CSCI) - With an investment of 880 Million and has increase its daily production to 8,000 MT. CSCI renders services to 256 regular employees and 372 seasonal services workers.

13. Bird Watching – Lalawan, Dalwangan 6 kms from the National Highway. Houses the Philippine Eagle and is host to rare bird species like the Philippine hanging parakeet, giant scops, owl, and species of the flycatcher, Brahmin kite and jungle fowls.

14. Seagull Valley Mountain Resort – Swimming pools located at barangay Lorega, Kitaotao with parks, benches, cottages and lodging houses.

15. Magawa Plain – A Golf Course containing an area of about 80 hectares. This is bout 25 minutes ride from Poblacion, Malitbog.

16. Menzi Farm – A place which provides an overview of the whole municipality. MENZI produces oranges, pineapples, cut flowers, cacao and coffee. It has a vast area situated in barangay Damilag, Manolo Fortich.

17. RPA Ventures Inc. – It kis formerly known as Farm Incorporated, which engages in cut-flower production, located in barangay Diclum. The area is home to anthurium blooms of different Holland varieties.

18. Magic Farms – A vast agricultural area devoted to different agricultural experimentation. Also produces grapes, banana, langka and fresh water fish. It is located in Mambatangan, Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon.

19. HELMS Farm – Located in Barangay Dahilayan, Manolo Fortich. This is where one can enjoy horseback riding and camp-out at night with soothing caress of the cool breeze.

20. All Farms – Located in San Gabriel, Manolo Fortich. This is an 18 hectares area, which is devoted to production of cut foliage-potted ornamentals of both local and imported origin.

21. Monastery of Transfiguartion – Run by monks, its chapel was designed by the famous national artist Leandro Locsin. With mountains, hills, and trees in its midst, this monastery offers the patient observer beauty, quiet, solitude and a chance to study and relate to the spiritual work of which we all are part. The site is also the source of hand processed Monk’s Blend Coffee, peanuts and candles with coffee scent.

22. Central Mindanao University – is one of the prominent academic institutions in the Philippines specializing Agriculture and Forestry Education. The university, occupying thousands of hectares located at Musuan, Maramag, Bukidnon. Dubbed as “University of the Poor” but intellectually deserving students. CMU has been a recipient of various awards & distinctions granted by CHED, such as “Center of Excellence” in Agriculture Education; “Center of Excellence” in Forestry Education and “Center of Development” in Biology Education. It is likewise a top performing school on PRC Licensure Examinations. The University is a conduit of outside funding of intensive research and academic collaborations with outstanding agencies from Australia, Japan, Netherlands, etc.

23. Philippine Carabao Center (PCC-CMU) – This center is one of the only 13 centers throughout the Philippines. This is an attached agency of Department of Agriculture which engage in carabao development program. It aims to conserve the buffalo’s genetic biodiversity for long-term and sustainable development. It also aims to maximize the genetic gains through crossbreeding to optimise carabao performance for milk and meat without disregard for draft for medium term requirement. Bukidnon, which relies on agricultural economy, have benefited its program of establishing buffalo based enterprises. Weary travellers and tourists regularly pass by the place to partake its refreshing and nutritious milks and dairy products produce directly from the farm, just beneath the foot of Mt. Musuan.

24. Atugan Bridge – It is said to be the highest bridge in the country with the depth of 64.5 meters from top of roadway to bottom of footings, equivalent to more than seven-storey building. Constructed with the latest trends in structural engineering.

25. NOMIARC – Specializing on research of agricultural products for the entire region 10, the center is almost a permanent venue for trainings and conferences for agriculture and related technologies.

26. Waig Crystal Spring Resort – Nestled within a valley in the outskirts of Maramag, this resorts presents a few surprises in its own. With its cool waters and many pools, a water slide will be very tempting. It is also a common venue for bikini open.

27. Edlimar Spring Resort – Strategically located at Tubigon, Maramag, Bukidnon. It is newly developed tourist attraction with facilities such as kiddy and adult swimming pools, sugbahan/litsonan (cooking space), cottages of various sizes, slide (swmming pool), bathing room/CR. Exotic and endangered species can also be seen within the vicinity.

28. Meriba Purified Drinking Water – Known for its slogan “Water from the Rock”. A mineral and purified drinking water with a high quality standard accepted to compete in the local market. Situated within the Edlimar Spring Resort periphery.

29. Mangima Park – In the area at the center of Mangima Canyon, on Olympic swimming pool shines in the sun where a relaxing resort flourished a rough and rocky terrain provides an ideal venue for off-road challenges.

30. Palaisdaan Game Fishing Resort & Restaurant – A showcase of the Municipality’s inland fishing, Palaisdaan is a perfect place for freshwater fish catching. Situated in the northwestern part of Manolo Fortich.


1. Stone Marker of Yoshito’s Grave – Located at Poblacion, Manolo Fortich. This stone is inscribed with Japanese character which marks the grave of high-ranking Japanese Officials killed during Worl War II. Roughly elliptical and measuring about 2 feet and 1 foot across, the stone bears two sets of inscriptions which, when translated means “On this spot died Miyazaki Yoshitoi, chief of army and Emperor Chiao. In memory of Kaji battalion, May 8, 1942.”

2. World War II Prisoners of War Memorial Shrine – The principal feature is the monument of President Manuel Roxas, located in Casisang Elementary School which is part of Japanese Imperial Army Concentration Park.

3. Dalwangan Centennial Marker – This where the northern and southern army of U>S Air Force linked in World War II. It is the highest point along the Sayre Highway.

Financial Resources


1. Income of the province

For the year 2003, the province earned a total revenue of P807.864 Million compared to previous years of 734.994 million or an increased of about 9.97%. This income is composed of tax revenues which comprise the locally generated income and income from national government, operating and miscellaneous income, extra ordinary receipts, capital revenue and other receipts. It is observed that the province is still heavily dependent on external sources as it accounted the biggest share of 80.72% of which 79.30% of it is from IRA share. The remaining shares of 8.28% and 7.91% respectively accounted for operating and miscellaneous revenues and other sources.

2. Income by Municipality

The total Local government income (comprising 20 Municipalities and two component cities) generated for the year 2003-reached P 1,067.678 Million of which the bulk of 84.50% came from national shares collections. Tax revenues and non-tax revenues accounted 4.47% and 7.68% of the total income while the remaining portion of 3.36% shares from extra ordinary receipts, loans and borrowings and other receipts.

As to municipal wide basis, it shows that the highest income generated came from the municipality of Quezon with an income of P108.195 Million. In contrast, the lowest came from the Municipality of Sumilao with an income of only P73.112 Million.


For the year 2003, the province appropriated a total amount of P1,189,961,589.00 of which only P858,634,726.66 was actually expended. From this total actual expenditures, general fund accounts P839,861,200.20 and P18,773,526.46 for special education fund. The percentage of savings to appropriation is 27.84%, a difference of 12.04% increase in savings from the previous year of 15.80%.

In terms of objects of expenditures, maintenance and operating expenses accounted the biggest share of 62.40%, followed by personal services of 29.68%, and the remaining 7.92% for capital outlay. Maintenance and Other Operating Expenditures accounts the biggest share also of 62.40% as to percentage increase of expenditures over the previous year.

Real Property Tax Collection

The total real property tax collection (both basic and special education fund) for the year 2003 reached to 97.574 million. This shows an increase of 44.21 as to previous year’s collection of 67.662 million.

The municipality of Quezon maintains the highest collection for the past years, and for the year 2003, still ranks first of P26.269 million, followed by the municipalities of Manolo Fortich (12.950 million) and Maramag (10.608 million). Likewise, the lowest collections came from the municipalities of Malitbog (.914 million), Damulog (.997 million) and San Fernando (1.207 million).

Real Property Assessment Valuation

The Office of the Provincial Assessor’s reported a total of 7,116.547 Million actual real property valuations for the year 2003. This indicates an increase of 48.35% over the 2002 4,797.290 Million. The municipality of Quezon ranked first in terms of property assessment valuation, in contrast to the municipality of Damulog which got the lowest rank.

Bureau of Internal Revenue Collection

For the year 2003, the Bureau of Internal Revenue reported a collection of P352.046 Million. This reflected a decrease of 36.30 percent over the previous year’s collection of P552.675 Million. For this year the City of Malaybalay ranks first with a collection of P110.753 Million or 64.96 percent, followed by the municipality of Quezon with P81.471 Million or 23.14 percent and who for the past years maintains the biggest revenue collection of the province. In terms of percentage increase or decrease of collection, it can be noted that the municipalities of Don Carlos and Lantapan showed a significant increase of 240.05 percent and 184.83 percent respectively. While other municipalities showed a slight increase of collection, there are also municipalities with decrease collection like Quezon, Cabanglasan, Valencia, Malitbog, Kadingilan, Kitaotao and San Fernando.

Classification of Municipalities

Municipalities are classified according to the annual revenues from various taxes. This classification serves as a major indication of the socio-economic situation of the population in the municipalities and/or cities.

At present, the province of Bukidnon has 2 component cities, Malaybalay and Valencia. They are respectively classified as 3rd and 4th component cities per Department Order No. 32-01 issued by the Department of Finance. On the other hand, there are eight municipalities belonging to fourth class or constitute about 36% of the total municipalities/cities and only one municipality with fifth classification, and are also classified as least developed.


Infrastructure and Utilities


1. Means of transportation

Bukidnon has extensive road connections and regular bus lines to six adjoining provinces including Cagayan de oro City. It has important trade routes to Davao and Cotabato City. Although landlocked, it has access to the sea through a first class national highway to Cagayan de Oro city where there are modern port facilities for export and domestic cargo shipment. Transportation available are buses, vans, public utility jeeps, multicabs and tricycles. Buses regularly ply the Cagayan de Oro-Bukidnon-Davao, Cagayan de Oro-Bukidnon-Cotabato and Cagayan de Oro-Bukidnon-Wao routes. Public utility jeeps provide service to commuters to and from the different municipalities and barangays of the province. Multicabs and tricycles, on the other hand, are the means of transportation within most of the Poblacions.

2. Motor Vehicle Registration

Motor vehicles plying the roads and bridges of the province are registered at the Land Transportation Office, a National Agency with three field offices stationed in Malaybalay City, Valencia City and Don Carlos. For calendar year 2003, the LTO has a total vehicle registration of 24,858. Of this total registration, 3,245 registered as for hire, while 20,836 were privately owned, and the remaining 777 were registered as government-owned.

In comparing the figures of registration in 2003 to the total registrations of 25,328 made in 2002, vehicle registration in the province drop by 0.77 percent.

3. Road Network

The road system of the province of Bukidnon is a conventional hierarchy of roads classified into national, provincial and municipal roads. The national roads serve as the main trunk lines and are supplemented by the network of local roads. As of 2003, the combined length of the national and provincial roads add up to 1,227.932 kilometers. This is almost divided equally between national and provincial roads. The latter measures 472.43 kilometers, while the former adds up to 755.502 kilometers.

3.1 National Roads

The bulk of the national roads are still paved with gravel. This measures up to 361.403 kilometers or about 47.84% of its total length. A far second in terms of length are the asphalted roads which measures up to 262.454 kilometers or about 34.74%, and the remaining 17.42% comprises the road that is already paved in concrete or a length of 119.622 kilometers.

3.2 Provincial Roads

Similar to those of the national roads, the bulk of the provincial roads are paved in gravel. This makes up 95.30% of its total length measuring 450.24 kilometers out of the total provincial road length of 472.43 kilometers. Asphalted roads measure only 9.74 kilometers or only about 2.06 percent. Concreted roads measure nearly as much as that of earth roads, the former measuring 4.25 kilometers and the latter 8.2 kilometers the two constitutes the remaining 2.64 percent.

3.3 Municipal Roads

The aggregate length of municipal roads is 602.679 kilometers. Most of these sections are still gravel paved. Year 2000 data showed that over 88 percent of the municipal road sections are paved with gravel or earth. Only a mere 11 percent has been converted to either concrete or asphalt pavement as of date.

Gaps between municipal roads due to rivers and creeks are linked by a total of 14 bridge structures with an aggregate length of 460 linear meters. Four of these bridges are permanent while the rest are temporary.

4. Bridges

4.1 National Bridges

The total length of national bridges is pegged at 3,550.640 linear meters, 2,982.080 or 83.99% of which are already concrete structures, 276.710 linear

meters or 7.79% are bailey while the remaining 8.22% are either timber or steel.

4.2 Provincial Bridges

The Provincial Government of Bukidnon, on the other hand, has made a total of 103 bridges. Seventy seven (77) are still Bailey panels while the rest are RCDG, Presidential, Steel/Bailey bridges. The total length of the provincial bridges is approximately 1,041.065 linear meters.

Irrigation System

As of year 2003, the National Irrigation Administration reported a total actual irrigated area of 19,801 hectares or an accomplishment of 92.27 percent from that of the programmed area of 21,469 hectares, with a total beneficiaries of 15,258. Of this programmed area, 14,264 hectares or 66.44 percent is under the National Irrigation System (NIS) while the remaining 7,205 hectares or 33.56 percent of agricultural land are being serviced either by communal or Small Impounding Systems.

Communication Facilities

Communication facilities of the province include telephones, telegraphs, commercial radio and other electronic communication devices, e.g. SSB, walkie-talkie CB (citizen’s band) and cable television.

1. Radio Stations

There are five (5) AM radio stations serving the entire province. These are radio stations: DXMB, DXDB, DXMV, DXCR and DXMU. Their transmission power ranges from 648 to 1,422 kilohertz. The province also has two FM stations, the popularly known Wild FM of Valencia City and DXIQ of Malaybalay City, popularly known also as Q106 FM.

2. Television/Cable

The populace of Bukidnon is kept abreast of recent information through broadcast media via television. At present, there are two (2) regular T.V. stations in the province, the ABS-CBN and the GMA, which has both established a transmitter station at the peak of Mt. Kitanglad, for signal relay to all parts of the province.

However, some municipalities have signal and access of RPN 9 and IBC-13. Cable Television has also been a popular source of entertainment since the emergence of two stations providing this service: The PARASAT cable TV based in Malaybalay and Valencia Cable TV, which benefited only by the urban areas like, Malaybalay City, Valencia City, Maramag, Don Carlos and Manolo Fortich.

3. Telephone system

Two land-based telephone companies operate in Bukidnon. The Southern Telecommunications Company, Inc. (SOTELCO) which has service areas in the cities of Malaybalay and Valencia, Don Carlos, Damilag, Quezon and Manolo Fortich. It uses a system type of digital switching equipment, and operates with a total capacity of 4,500 lines.
As of 2003, SOTELCO has already served a total number of 3,062 subscribers from all parts of their coverage area of Bukidnon. On the other hand, Philippine Communications Company (PHILCOM) with service areas in the cities of Malaybalay and Valencia reported a total subscriber of 1,256. It also operates services similar to SOTELCO such as National and International Direct Dial system (NDD and IDD) and operator assisted for domestic and international long distance.

4. Internet Facilities

The first Internet provider in Bukidnon is DATACOM which utilized the southern telephone company, Inc. for its line; the second is the WEBLINK that makes use of the telephone lines of PhilCom.

For the year 2002, the total internet subscribers reached 135. Of these total, Malaybalay has 124 subscribers or 91.85% of the total subscribers served by two internet providers. Types of users vary from residential (33.87%), Commercial establishment (42.74%), Government (16.13%), Institutions/schools and NGOs (4.03%). Of the total combined subscribers, commercial establishment accounted 33.33%.

As observed, the prevalent users are mostly residential as it accounted for 73.38% of total internet users in Valencia and 59% of the total combined subscribers.

5. Postal Services

Philippine Postal Corporation provides postal services. Aside from this corporation, there are also companies that provide courier services like XIMEX Delivery Express, DHL, LBC Air Cargo and JRS Express. These are located strategically in the City of Malaybalay and some urbanized municipalities of the province, like Valencia, Manolo Fortich and Maramag.

5.1 Public Postal Services

The Philippine Postal Corporation (formerly Bureau of Posts) provides postal services for all municipalities with 24 post offices. As of 2002, PhilPost reported a total of 35 postmasters and staffs and 23 mail carriers. The area of coverage in all Barangays is within 5 kilometers radius from the postal station or within the poblacion. Some Postal offices are located also within the school campus of BSC, CMU and BUSCO, Quezon, Bukidnon. The mail trucks delivered mails through station to station.

Rural Electrification

Three electric cooperatives provide the power requirements of Bukidnon. The First Bukidnon Electric Cooperative (FIBECO) serves 12 municipalities in the south; the Bukidnon Second Electric Cooperative (BUSECO) provides power for Malaybalay city and 11 other municipalities in the central and northern sides of the province and the Misamis Oriental Rural Electric Service Cooperative II (MORESCO II) serves the municipalities of Talakag in the north.

1. Status of Electrification

To date, power has already been extended to all the municipalities/cities in the province. FIBECO has already energized 250 of its 274 covered barangays or about 91.24 percent status of energization. BUSECO, on the other hand, posted 89.02 percent status of energization (154 out of 173 barangays), while MORESCO II has so far provided electricity to 13 of its 18 (about 72.22 percent) covered barangays. The overall energization status of Bukidnon stands at about 90.83 percent of all the barangays in the province.



Assessed Agricultural Lands

The Provincial Assessor’s Office reported that in the year 2003 there were 731,065.4456 hectares actually assessed and provided with new tax declarations which were particularly developed into agriculture and industrial projects.

Based on the real property assessment declared as agricultural land within the period under consideration. The municipality of San Fernando showed the highest number of declared real properties with an area of 193,690.9302 hectares or 26.49 percent of the total declared area, followed by the municipality of Kitaotao having an area of 151,155.7033 hectares or 20.68 percent.

A huge margin in terms of declared agricultural area among the 20 municipalities and 2 cities is physically determined when Malaybalay City showed only a total assessed area of 51,577.2070 hectares or 7.06 percent, Impasug-ong with 41,255.1731 hectares or 5.64 percent, Talakag with only 40,450.7172 hectares or 5.53 percent, Manolo Fortich with 27,832.8832 hectares or 3.81 percent, Valencia City with an area developed for agricultural production of 27,324.7232 hectares or 3.74 percent, Kalilangan with 23,527.0640 or 3.22 percent, Don Carlos with 23,555.7860 hectares or 3.22 percent, Pangantucan with 19,855.5251 hectares or 2.72 percent, Quezon with 18,201.6240 hectares or 2.49 percent, Libona with 17,317.8943 hectares or 2.37 percent of the total crop area, Baungon with 16,646.3029 hectares or 2.28 percent, Lantapan with 16,096.5065 hectares or 2.20 percent, Kadingilan with 13,147.3864 hectares or 1.80 percent, Kibawe with 12,127.7061 hectares or 1.66 percent, Cabanglasan with 10,871.1428 hectares or 1.49 percent, Damulog with 8,951.2537 hectares or 1.22 percent, Malitbog with 4,777.7500 hectares or 0.65 percent, Sumilao with 5,024.6002 hectares or 0.69 percent and Maramag with only 157.6775 hectares or 0.02 percent of the total area under assessment.

Major Agricultural Crops

Corn still remain as the most popular agricultural commodity produced by farmers within the province. Based on the report submitted by the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics Office revealed that in the year 2004 about 194,175 hectares or 50.84 percent of the total agricultural area developed for crop production is devoted to corn followed by sugarcane with an aggregate area of 63,294 hectares or 16.57 percent of the total area harvested. While the 2 major crops are popularly grown because of its open market they are at the same time considered as contributory elements to the increasing local as well as national economic demand. The third major agricultural crop as determined accordingly by the size of its area is palay with 60,339 hectares or 15.80 percent of the total productive agricultural area.

Other major agricultural crops also considered as substantial factors for the development of our growing industrial economy includes pineapple with a total harvested area of 18,200 hectares which is higher by 0.68 percent compared to the area in year 2003, coffee 10,522 hectares, coconut 8,600 hectares with an increase of 23.58 percent over the previous year. Banana industry on the other hand, is at the same time moving towards bigger economic perspective as several major agro-industrial establishments are pursuing to establish and to expand their plantations which is of course motivated by the environmental suitability of the crop and the favorable peace and order condition of the area. Currently, banana has a total area of 6,868 hectares with an increase of 31.19 percent over the 2003 figure. Cassava 5,777 hectares representing a 28.21 percent increase against the area in 2003, rubber 4,300 hectares, abaca 3,072 hectares with a 0.75 percent increase over the previous year, mango 2,356 hectares registering a decrease of 0.59 percent from 2,370 hectares, while tomato registered an increase of 15.38 percent from 1,300 hectares in 2003 to 1,500 hectares in year 2004.

Agrarian Reform

a. Land Tenure Improvement

The Province of Bukidnon has a total agricultural land area of 368,479 hectares and since the inception of the agrarian reform program the Department of Agrarian Reform Office was able to distribute 141,523.0791 hectares ending January 24, 2005. This program has benefited a total of 59,945 farmers.

b. Land Distribution

In the year 2004 the Department of Agrarian Reform Provincial Office has distributed a total of 88,517.3955 which is broken down as follows:

Area (ha.)

Farmer Beneficiaries
Operation Land Transfer (CLT)
Government Financial Institution (GFI)
Kilusang Kabuhayan at Kaularan (KKK)
Settlement Project

c. Land Acquisition

In terms of land acquisition, the Department of Agrarian Reform was able to acquire 53,005.6836 hectares which were described as private agricultural land under the following categories:

Area (ha.)

Farmer Beneficiaries
5 hectares and below
5 to 24 hectares
24-50 hectares
50 hectares and more

Livestock and Poultry Inventory

Livestock and poultry industry in the province are classified as backyard or commercial of which the 2004 report from the Office of the Provincial Veterinarian indicates that backyard livestock and poultry projects immensely outnumbered the volume of species on commercial level projects except chicken whose increasing volume is determined by the simultaneous influx of day old chicks brought by the increasing number of poultry farms in the province.

On the situational status of the livestock and poultry industry either backyard or commercial project showed that in the year 2004 carabao registered a total of 76,076 heads or 4.31 percent higher over the 2003 figure of 72,929 heads, while cattle decreased by 2.82 percent from 110,918 heads in the year 2003 down to 107,788 heads in the year 2004; swine also showed a decrease by 2.46 percent from 321,010 heads in year 2003 to 313,100 heads in the year 2004, goat and sheep altogether also reduced from 47,496 heads in year 2003 to 44,628 heads in year 2004 while chicken registered an increase by 6.14 percent from 2,967,416 birds in the year 2003 to 3,149,561 birds in the year 2004, ducks on the other hand also decreased by 6.33 percent from 326,158 birds in the year 2003 to 305,504 birds in the year 2004.

Livestock Movement

The Provincial Veterinary Office is tasked to monitor the movement of livestock and poultry products throughout the province and above all responsible in providing health and relevant veterinary services to all livestock and poultry. Various activities and scientific measures were initiated to avoid the spread of viral and other animal diseases. One of these is the establishment of the Provincial Veterinary and Quarantine stations to all possible gateways from adjacent provinces in order to check the entrance of various livestock and poultry that might serve as vectors of the unexpected animal diseases.

The quarantine stations were strategically established in the following places: Alae, Manolo Fortich, Gango, Libona, Nicdao Maasin, Baungon, San Isidro Talakag, Lorega, Kitaotao, Omonay, Damulog and at Pamotolon, Kalilangan. All incoming and outgoing livestock and poultry products are strictly checked through these quarantine stations.

In the year 2004, these facilities were able to register 29,621 heads of livestock brought in from other provinces. These include 10,916 heads of cattle, 764 heads of carabaos, 254 heads of horses, 1,051 heads of goats, 262 heads of sheep and 16,374 heads of swine. In like manner, the number of animals transported out of the province reached to 203,881 heads, which include 20,580 heads of cattle, 6,166 heads of carabaos, 1,047 heads of horses, 3,383 heads of goats, 2,987 heads of sheep and 169,718 heads of swine. Looking back to the previous years record revealed that a change of 9.60 percent is reflected in the year 2004.

For poultry products there were 8,991,812 heads of birds imported in that same year. These include 531,677 heads of broilers, 9 heads of pullets, 8,402,798 heads of day-old chicks, 28,899 heads of culled chicken, 5,228 heads of native chicken, 3,164 heads of improved strains of chicken, 8,151 heads of game fowls, 10,887 heads of ducks, 61 heads of turkeys and 938 heads of geese. While the volume of outgoing poultry products reached to 14,094,271 heads, These include 7,914,144 heads of broilers, 5,425,858 heads of day-old chicks, 740,312 heads of culled chicken, 3,170 heads of native chickens, 347 heads of improved strains of native chicken, 760 heads of game fowls, 6,959 heads of ducks, 3 heads of turkeys and 2,718 heads of geese, which shows a total change of 38.78 percent.

Number of Animals Slaughtered in Government Abattoirs

The record on the number of slaughtered livestock and poultry for the year 2004 showed a decrease by about 47.81 percent compared to the previous year’s production. The decline on the number of batch means a decrease in the supply of meat in the market, which is at the same, considered as a manifestation of economic deficiency currently experienced by the people in the province.

Slaughter services on cattle is pegged at 7.84 percent decrease over the previous year or 8,667 heads in year 2003 to 7,987 heads in year 2004. Hog registered a 5.60 percent deficit over the previous year with 69,455 heads in year 2003 to 65,562 heads in year 2004, goat represented 14.12 percent decrease from 1,055 heads in year 2003 to 906 heads in year 2004, chicken on the other hand showed high rate of decrease at 53.00 percent from 728,958 birds in year 2003 to 342,547 birds in year 2004. However, carabao registered an increase of 88.20 percent with 3,094 heads in year 2003 to 5,823 heads in year 2004 while horse with 13 heads in year 2003 to 497 heads in year 2004 or a change of 3,723.03 percent. For ostrich we have registered 74 heads slaughtered in year 2004.

Livestock and Poultry Farms

Bukidnon has been blessed with a verdant environment and a soothing weather condition that is very advantageous to livestock and poultry industry. And aside from its climatological advantages the sustainability of feed supply materials are also available.

In the early days of civilization, cattle and carabao production are one of the major industries in the province. But due to an enormous need for development through crop production in order to sustain the increasing demand of food for the increasing number of inhabitants, areas previously developed for livestock production were abandoned and converted into crop production areas.

The record reveals that in the year 2004, 98 cattle ranches remained productive of which majority are located in the municipalities of Libona, Malaybalay City, Manolo Fortich, Valencia City, Impasug-ong, Talakag, and Quezon. Hogs and poultry farms on the other hand are also growing with a total number of 99 and 165 respectively.

Freshwater Fish Production

As of 2004, the aggregate area developed for fish production reached 238.25 hectares depicting a 60.25 percent increase over the area in year 2003 which is 178 hectares. Total production including fingerlings was pegged at 1,019.59 metric tons.

Fertilizer and Pesticide Dealers

In the year 2004 the Department of Agriculture reported a total of 118 agricultural input dealers throughout the province who are actively providing services for the input need of our local farmers. These excludes the municipalities of Baungon and Malitbog.

We have 8 in Cabanglasan, 3 in Damulog, 1 in Dangcagan, 10 in Don Carlos, 1 in Impasug-ong, 2 in Kadingilan, 8 in Kalilangan, 7 in Kibawe, 1 in Kitaotao, 4 in Lantapan, 1 in Libona, 17 in Malaybalay City, 6 in Manolo Fortich, 9 in Maramag, 1 in Pangantucan, 4 in Quezon, 3 in San Fernando, 5 in Sumilao, 1 in Talakag and 26 in Valencia City.

Experimental Stations

For purposes of establishing a venue for the production of improved and quality varieties of planting materials, as well as a medium in the application of modern agricultural technology, the Provincial Government through the Department of Agriculture established 3 experimental stations namely: the Kisolon Seed Farm located in Kisolon, Sumilao; the Northern Mindanao Agricultural Research Center located at Dalwangan, Malaybalay City and the Bukidnon Agriculture and Fishery Complex in the Municipality of Kibawe.

These facilities had been producing highbred seeds of palay, potato, and other upland crops as well as fingerlings of tilapia, hito and carp.


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