Gingoog is a Manobo word
for good luck. The word implies good fortune, thus Gingoog
means the city of Good Luck.
The city is located in the northeastern
coast of Misamis oriental, 122 kms. East of Cagayan de Oro and
74 kms. West of Butuan City.
It is bounded to the east by the Minicipality of Magsaysay
and Agusan del Norte; to the south, Bukidnon; to the west, Municipality
of Claveria and Medina, Misamis Oriental, and to the north by
used to have 71 barangays only.
By virtue of SP Resolution No. 270 and SP Code Ordinance
Series of 1986, eight barangays were created.
Of the total 79 barangays 29 are Urban and 50 are Rural
rural barangays lie along the national highway parallel with the
Gingoog Bay and are now considered as urbanizing barangays.
and Weather Condition
climate is classified as Type 2, no distinct dry season.
Pronounced maximum rainfall occurs during the months of
September to February. Temperature
is moderate ranging from 27 degrees Celsius to 32 degrees Celsius.
Lowest on record is 20.1 degrees Celsius and the highest, 32.7
degrees Celsius. Annual
average is 26.8 degrees Celsius.
The cold part of the year usually occurs from December
to February and the warm part is from March to November.
Relative humidity ranges from 81 to 86 percent.
and Land Features
land feature is generally flat with sloping hills and intermediate
heights surrounded by mountain ranges, from Mount Balatukan extending
to Mount Lumot and portion of Bukidnon province in the Southeast
and Eastward to Agusan del Norte which practically isolates the
city from the Northeast monsoon and typhoons.
population of 15,356 predominantly distributed in the 14 hinterland
barangays of the city. Urban
dwellers merchants from the neighboring places who found good
luck in Gingoog and decided to reside permanently.
They are Cebuanos, Boholanos, Batanguenos, Maranaos, Tagalogs
(95.97%) of the population are Cebuano speaking while the remaining
2.34 % speak other dialects.
earliest natives had simply worshipped the anitos and held such
respect and faith in the practice of “Diwata”
After a year, Christian living was introduced by a Jesuit
Missionary, Padre Felix Garcia who sowed the first deed of Christianity.
Today the bulk of Gingoog’s population are Roman Catholic
and the remaining population are distributed among the United
Church of Christ in the Philippines, Iglesia ni Kristo, and Seventh
Day Adventist. Other religious groups are now mushrooming in the
City is a first class component city in the second district of
Misamis Oriental. Gingoog’s
economy is one of the soundest in Northern Mindanao.
Basically, agriculture is the largest sector and is the
major source of livelihood.
Size and Distribution
City is a small growing city in terms of its population.
In the CY 2000 census, the city registered a total of 102,379.
It increased by 14,849 persons over the 1995 figure representing
an annual growth rate of 3.41.
Lunao is the most populated barangay accounting for 5.32% of the
total population of the city. In 2000, the number of households
increased to 20,081 households with a total household population
the total 2000 population of the city, 33.70% are in urban areas.
terms of sex structure, the city has a fairly balanced distribution
of male and female population at 51.09% male and 48.91% female.
The sex ratio of the city is 104.4.
percentage of the household population belonging to age 0-14 years
increased from 36,089 in 1995 to 39,300 in 2000. The productive
age group (15-64 years) has also increased by 20.48%, same with
the oldest age group (65 and above) by 54.14%.
a result of the increased household population, the dependency
ratio for the young is 66.99%, while that of the average is 74.51%
and 7.51% for the old.
poblacion covers an aggregate area of 1,174.065 hectares with
34,505 inhabitants while the rural barangays comprises about 75,813.935
hectares of land with 67,874 settlers. The city has a population
density ratio of 29.39 person per one hectare in the urban and
0.89 persons every one hectare in the rural areas, an average
of 1.33 person/hectare of the city's total land area.
Crude Birth Rate
City registered a total of 2,434 births in 2003, posting Crude
Birth Rate (CBR) of 20.86 births per one thousand livebirths.
The result posted a decrease of 3.6% from the reported 2,403 births
in 2002 during which the CBR was posted at 21.64%.
the registered births, 78.92% (1,921) were delivered at homes;
20.83% (507) at government and private health clinics; 0.25% (6)
at other places. Out of the 2,434 registered births, 97%
(2,360) were attended by trained health personnel including trained
hilots, while 3% (74) were attended by untrained hilots and others.
were 529 deaths in 2003, which posted Crude Death Rate (CDR) at
4.65% per one thousand population.
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in the city was slightly better at
17.26 per one thousand live births compared to that in the previous
year at 23.72 per one thousand live births.
IMR and CDR showed signs of improvement, maternal mortality worsened
to one death per one thousand live births in 2003 from zero in
leading cause of morbidity in the city is hypertension with 2,322
cases followed by Pneumonia, Diarrhea, Wounds, Parasitism, Dental
Problem, Urinary Tract Infection, Tonsillitis, Acute Respiratory
Infection and Bronchitis.
city health delivery system is composed of 1 Main Health Center
(MHC) and 52 barangay health stations. Medical personnel
include 4 physicians, 1 dentists, 8 public health nurses, 51 rural
health midwives, 6 sanitary inspectors, 4 medical technologists,
1 dental aide, 300 barangay health workers and 100 trained birth
attendants serving 20,144 households.
Philippine Nutrition Program gives priority to improve the nutritional
status of the vulnerable groups - infants and preschoolers.
"Operation Timbang" (OPT) is the strategy used to identify
these vulnerable groups.
the 14,675 children, severely underweight accounted for 0.96 percent;
4.95 percent - moderately underweight; 22.46 percent - mildly
underweight, 69.7 percent - of normal weight and 1.95 percent
analysis of the nutrition status of the city for 2002 and 2003
shows an improvement in the nutritional status of preschoolers
except for the severely underweight which increases from 117 in
2002 to 142 in 2003.
city considers family planning as one of its priority programs
to curb population growth. Among the contraceptives, IUD
were the most widely accepted method (30%) by current users followed
by pills (19.17%), NFP (17%), LAM (14%), condom (12%), injectables
(4%), female sterilization (2.6%) and male sterilization (.6%).
For the new users of contraceptives, LAM was the widely used method
(38%) followed by pills (16.2%), IUD (14.9%), condom (13.6%),
NFP (12.3%), injectables (4.3%), male sterilization (.4%) and
female sterilization (.3%).
family planning program has maintained 10,511 contraceptive users
with a contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of 64.34.
the 20,144 households in the city, 2003 data showed that 86.7%
or 17,459 households were served with safe water supply.
Of these, 27.8% (5,593) were in the Level I type, 18% (3,627)
Level II, 40.9% (8,239) Level III and 13.33% (2,685) households
with doubtful source.
of the 20,144
households, only 81% (16,364) have sanitary toilet facilities.
There was an increase of 37% of household with sanitary
toilet facilities compared to 2002. This shows that sanitation
or toilet facilities were taken seriously by the government.
Education in the city is the prime responsibility of the national
government. Private entities and religious organizations
also operate quite a number of schools in some urbanized barangays.
school year 2003-2004, there are a total of 72 public elementary
schools. A total of 598 public elementary teachers provided
instructions to 17,608 pupils throughout the city. In addition,
8 private elementary schools operate in the city. These
private schools have a staff of 47 teachers to educate 646 pupils.
indicators showed a participation rate of 93.94 percent,
a survival rate of 56.09 percent and a teacher : pupil ratio of
1:29 for school year 2003-2004.
the secondary level, government schools outnumber private schools.
And in terms of enrolment, students attending government schools
also outnumber their counterparts in the private schools.
8 public high schools under DepEd in the Division of Gingoog are
located in the more urbanized barangays. One hundred eighty
one (181) teachers provide education to 6,424 students.
are 7 secondary schools managed by private entities and religious
organizations in the city. These private secondary schools
employed 61 teachers to educate 1,304 high school students.
rate for secondary level is 70.18 percent, teacher:student ratio
of 1:35 and classroom: class ratio of 1.6.
City is one of the peaceful places in the country which the peace
loving gingoognons is proud of. The city's crime incidence
showed a minimal number within the period 2000-2001 years.
Table below show the peace and security situation of the city.
Statistics and Crime Solution Rate