Commission on Population     
 Regional Population Office No. 10

       J.V. Seriña St., Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City

"Tatlumpu't limang taong paglilingkod tungo sa matatag na Pilipinong pamilya"
 
   

GINGOOG CITY
   
 

 


 



G
ingoog is a Manobo word for good luck.  The word implies good fortune, thus Gingoog means the city of Good Luck.

Physical Characteristics

Geographic Location

The city is located in the northeastern coast of Misamis oriental, 122 kms. East of Cagayan de Oro and 74 kms. West of Butuan City.  It is bounded to the east by the Minicipality of Magsaysay and Agusan del Norte; to the south, Bukidnon; to the west, Municipality of Claveria and Medina, Misamis Oriental, and to the north by Gingoog Bay.

Political Subdivision

The city used to have 71 barangays only.  By virtue of SP Resolution No. 270 and SP Code Ordinance Series of 1986, eight barangays were created.  Of the total 79 barangays 29 are Urban and 50 are Rural Barangays.  Eleven rural barangays lie along the national highway parallel with the Gingoog Bay and are now considered as urbanizing barangays.

Climate and Weather Condition

The city’s climate is classified as Type 2, no distinct dry season.  Pronounced maximum rainfall occurs during the months of September to February.  Temperature is moderate ranging from 27 degrees Celsius to 32 degrees Celsius. Lowest on record is 20.1 degrees Celsius and the highest, 32.7 degrees Celsius.  Annual average is 26.8 degrees Celsius.  The cold part of the year usually occurs from December to February and the warm part is from March to November.  Relative humidity ranges from 81 to 86 percent.

Topography and Land Features

The city’s land feature is generally flat with sloping hills and intermediate heights surrounded by mountain ranges, from Mount Balatukan extending to Mount Lumot and portion of Bukidnon province in the Southeast and Eastward to Agusan del Norte which practically isolates the city from the Northeast monsoon and typhoons.

The People

The indigenous population of 15,356 predominantly distributed in the 14 hinterland barangays of the city.  Urban dwellers merchants from the neighboring places who found good luck in Gingoog and decided to reside permanently.  They are Cebuanos, Boholanos, Batanguenos, Maranaos, Tagalogs and Chinese.

Majority (95.97%) of the population are Cebuano speaking while the remaining 2.34 % speak other dialects.

The earliest natives had simply worshipped the anitos and held such respect and faith in the practice of “Diwata”  After a year, Christian living was introduced by a Jesuit Missionary, Padre Felix Garcia who sowed the first deed of Christianity.  Today the bulk of Gingoog’s population are Roman Catholic and the remaining population are distributed among the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Iglesia ni Kristo, and Seventh Day Adventist. Other religious groups are now mushrooming in the city.

Economy

Gingoog City is a first class component city in the second district of Misamis Oriental.  Gingoog’s economy is one of the soundest in Northern Mindanao.  Basically, agriculture is the largest sector and is the major source of livelihood.

 

Population Processes

Population Size and Distribution

Gingoog City is a small growing city in terms of its population.  In the CY 2000 census, the city registered a total of 102,379.  It increased by 14,849 persons over the 1995 figure representing an annual growth rate of 3.41.

Barangay Lunao is the most populated barangay accounting for 5.32% of the total population of the city.  In 2000, the number of households increased to 20,081 households with a total household population of 102,239.

Of the total 2000 population of the city, 33.70% are in urban areas.

In terms of sex structure, the city has a fairly balanced distribution of male and female population at 51.09% male and 48.91% female.  The sex ratio of the city is 104.4.

The percentage of the household population belonging to age 0-14 years increased from 36,089 in 1995 to 39,300 in 2000.  The productive age group (15-64 years) has also increased by 20.48%, same with  the oldest age group (65 and above) by 54.14%.  

As a result of the increased household population, the dependency ratio for the young is 66.99%, while that of the average is 74.51% and 7.51% for the old.


Population Density

The city poblacion covers an aggregate area of 1,174.065 hectares with 34,505 inhabitants while the rural barangays comprises about 75,813.935 hectares of land with 67,874 settlers.  The city has a population density ratio of 29.39 person per one hectare in the urban and 0.89 persons every one hectare in the rural areas, an average of 1.33 person/hectare of the city's total land area.


Crude Birth Rate

The City registered a total of 2,434 births in 2003, posting Crude Birth Rate (CBR) of 20.86 births per one thousand livebirths.  The result posted a decrease of 3.6% from the reported 2,403 births in 2002 during which the CBR was posted at 21.64%.

Of the registered births, 78.92% (1,921) were delivered at homes; 20.83% (507) at government and private health clinics; 0.25% (6) at other places.  Out of the 2,434 registered births, 97% (2,360) were attended by trained health personnel including trained hilots, while 3% (74) were attended by untrained hilots and others.

Crude Death Rate

There were 529 deaths in 2003, which posted Crude Death Rate (CDR) at 4.65% per one thousand population.  

The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in the city was slightly better at 17.26 per one thousand live births compared to that in the previous year at 23.72 per one thousand live births.

While IMR and CDR showed signs of improvement, maternal mortality worsened to one death per one thousand live births in 2003 from zero in 2002.


Social Services

Health

The leading cause of morbidity in the city is hypertension with 2,322 cases followed by Pneumonia, Diarrhea, Wounds, Parasitism, Dental Problem, Urinary Tract Infection, Tonsillitis, Acute Respiratory Infection and Bronchitis.

The city health delivery system is composed of 1 Main Health Center (MHC) and 52 barangay health stations.  Medical personnel include 4 physicians, 1 dentists, 8 public health nurses, 51 rural health midwives, 6 sanitary inspectors, 4 medical technologists, 1 dental aide, 300 barangay health workers and 100 trained birth attendants serving 20,144 households.


Nutrition

The Philippine Nutrition Program gives priority to improve the nutritional status of the vulnerable groups - infants and preschoolers.  "Operation Timbang" (OPT) is the strategy used to identify these vulnerable groups.

Of the 14,675 children, severely underweight accounted for 0.96 percent; 4.95 percent - moderately underweight; 22.46 percent - mildly underweight, 69.7 percent - of normal weight and 1.95 percent overweight.  

Comparative analysis of the nutrition status of the city for 2002 and 2003 shows an improvement in the nutritional status of preschoolers except for the severely underweight which increases from 117 in 2002 to 142 in 2003.


Family Planning Program

The city considers family planning as one of its priority programs to curb population growth.  Among the contraceptives, IUD were the most widely accepted method (30%) by current users followed by pills (19.17%), NFP (17%), LAM (14%), condom (12%), injectables (4%), female sterilization (2.6%) and male sterilization (.6%).  For the new users of contraceptives, LAM was the widely used method (38%) followed by pills (16.2%), IUD (14.9%), condom (13.6%), NFP (12.3%), injectables (4.3%), male sterilization (.4%) and female sterilization (.3%). 

The family planning program has maintained 10,511 contraceptive users with a contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of 64.34.


Environmental Sanitation

A. Water Supply

Of the 20,144 households in the city, 2003 data showed that 86.7% or 17,459 households were served with safe water supply.  Of these, 27.8% (5,593) were in the Level I type, 18% (3,627) Level II, 40.9% (8,239) Level III and 13.33% (2,685) households with doubtful source.

B. Sanitary Toilet 

Out of the 20,144 households, only 81% (16,364) have sanitary toilet facilities. There was an increase of 37% of household with sanitary toilet facilities compared to 2002. This shows that sanitation or toilet facilities were taken seriously by the government.


Education

I. Elementary Education

Elementary Education in the city is the prime responsibility of the national government.  Private entities and religious organizations also operate quite a number of schools in some urbanized barangays.

For school year 2003-2004, there are a total of 72 public elementary schools.  A total of 598 public elementary teachers provided instructions to 17,608 pupils throughout the city.  In addition, 8 private elementary schools operate in the city.  These private schools have a staff of 47 teachers to educate 646 pupils.

Performance indicators showed a participation rate of 93.94 percent,  a survival rate of 56.09 percent and a teacher : pupil ratio of 1:29 for school year 2003-2004.  

II. Secondary Education

In the secondary level, government schools outnumber private schools.  And in terms of enrolment, students attending government schools also outnumber their counterparts in the private schools.

The 8 public high schools under DepEd in the Division of Gingoog are located in the more urbanized barangays.  One hundred eighty one (181) teachers provide education to 6,424 students.

There are 7 secondary schools managed by private entities and religious organizations in the city.  These private secondary schools employed 61 teachers to educate 1,304 high school students.

Participation rate for secondary level is 70.18 percent, teacher:student ratio of 1:35 and classroom: class ratio of 1.6.


Protective Services

Gingoog City is one of the peaceful places in the country which the peace loving gingoognons is proud of.  The city's crime incidence showed a minimal number within the period 2000-2001 years.  Table below show the peace and security situation of the city.

Crime Statistics and Crime Solution Rate


Classification of Crimes

Incidence

Solution

Crime solution Rate
2000-2001
2000-2001
2000-2001

1. Crimes Against Persons
96
93
96.87%
Murder
22
19
-
Homicide
7
7
-
Parricide & Infanticide
-
0
-
Physical Injuries
67
67
-
2. Crimes Against Property
61
61
100%
Robbery
23
23
-
Theft
48
48
-
Estafa and Falsification
4
4
-
Damage to Property
6
6
-
3. Crimes Against Chastity
28
28
100%
Rape
16
16
-
Abduction
0
0
-
Seduction
0
0
-
Lasciviousness
12
12
-
4. Others
115
115
100%
Source: PNP, Gingoog City



Road Network

The impact of infrastructure development and the utilization of agricultural resources greatly boosted the trade, commerce and industry.  The local government has moved with its socio-economic development program.  The massive infrastructure projects such as road construction/improvement, vertical constructions, and social infrastructures were pursued toward the optimum development of the agri-commerce activities of the city.
Existing Roads by Classification, 2000

Classification

City Roads

National Roads

Barangay Roads

TOTAL (km)

Concrete
22.97
30.662
57.236
110.868
Asphalt
-
-
-
-
Gravel
4.166
22.52
193.373
220.059
Earth
-
-
275.245
275.245
Total (km)
27.136
53.182
525.854
606.172
Existing Bridges by Classification, 2000

Type

National 

Local
Number
In LM
Number
In LM

Concrete
17
725.82
5
141.20
Timber
-
-
14
258.00
Bailey
-
-
3
82.00
Spillway
-
-
1
50.00
Total (km)
17
725.82
23
531.203



Income and Expenditure

Year 2000 is another period of great accomplishments for the City Government brought about by the administration's efforts to oversee the entire local government organization which covers programs, projects and activities under legislative support, institutional planning and program/project implementation.
The city's total income during the period reached P296,731.65, of which 292,077.262.40 or 98.43% accrued in the General Fund while P4,653,809.25 or 1.5% accrued in the Special Education Fund.  Comparatively, the 1999 income level of P250.64 Million has increased by P46.09 Million or 18.39%.  The biggest bulk of the city's income was derived from tax revenues complementing around 95.5% of the total earnings of the year.  One major component of this income class is the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) which contributed a total amount of P259.69 Million or 93.04%.  Said IRA has increased by P37.43 Million or 16.83% against that of 1999.  Local revenue contributed only 10.04% of the City's total annual income. 
Total expenditure incurred by the city for the whole year reached to about P243.54 Million, of which P239.66 Million was spend from the General Fund and P3.88 Million was spent from the Special Education Fund.  Comparatively, an increase of about P9.76 Million or 4.17% over 1999.
By expense class, personal services absorbed as much as P161.74 Million or 66.41%.  That includes the services of the devolved employees, newly created positions as mandated by R.A. 7160 and project engaged workers.  Maintenance and other operating expenses followed with P45.35 Million or 18.62% than Capital Outlay with P36.46 Million accounting 14.97%.

 

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