Commission on Population     
 Regional Population Office No. 10

       J.V. Seriña St., Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City

"Tatlumpu't limang taong paglilingkod tungo sa matatag na Pilipinong pamilya"
 
   

Province of LANAO DEL NORTE
   
 

 


 

 

The province is bounded on the north by Iligan Bay and the Province of Misamis Oriental; the Province of Lanao del Sur and BukLanao del Norte is situated in Northern Mindanao along the northwest and southwest coast of the island it lies.  idnon and Zamboanga del Sur on the west.  On the southwest, Lanao del Norte faces Illana Bay and the Celebes Sea.

The province is administratively under Region 10.

The province links Western Mindanao to Eastern and Central Mindanao.  It is the land bridge of the Zamboanga Peninsula to the rest of Mindanao.  It also serves as the gateway to the cities of Pagadian, Tangub, Oroquieta and Ozamis and to Lanao del Sur via the Tukuran-Malabang and Tubod-Ganassi national highways.  It is accessible by land, water and air transportation.  

The province is comprised of 22 municipalities, namely: Bacolod, Balo-i, Baroy, Kapatagan, Kauswagan, Lala, Linamon, Magsaysay, Maigo, Matungao, Munai, Nunungan, Pantao Ragat, Pantar, Poona Piagapo, Salvador, Sapad, Sultan Naga Dimaporo (Karomatan), Tagoloan, Tangkal, and Tubod. It has 462 barangays. The municipality of Tubod is the capital town of the province. It has 2 Districts, (1st) Iligan City to the Municipality of Baroy and (2nd ) from Municipality of Balo-I to Sapad.

 

Physical Characteristics

Topography

  • About 58% of area are with slopes greater than 18%

  • About 22% (66,450.8 hectares) have high slopes (>50%)

  • 41,347.93 hectares (13.62%) are plain (0-3%) largely found in Kapatagan Valley and potential for food production

  • 14,427.85 hectares (4.63) are above 1,000m  above sea level, found in the municipalities of Nunungan, Tangkal and Munai and are delineated as protection zone

  • Aggregated of elevations 100-300, 300-500 and 500-1,000m above sea level constitute 78%

Climate

  • Temperature ranges from 24ºC to 32.21ºC and an average of 27.44ºC

  • Heavy rainfall with an annual value of 146.29 mm and an average monthly rainfall of 146.29 cm during the last 10 years

  • Heavy rains occur in June to December with the highest in July with 214.95 mm

  • Falls within the less frequent typhoon paths with zero chances of typhoon occurrences for the rest of the year

  • Agro-climate is favorable to growing crops throughout the year

Soil Characteristics

  • Largely fine loamy and fine loamy to clay

  • Slightly acidic, acidic areas found in Lala, Nunungan and Poona Piagapo

  • Generally well drained, with a few areas poorly drained

Physical Resources

  • Within 87 watersheds, 11 are major ones (>10,000 hectares): Maranding, Liangan, Agus, Mandulog, Lipatan, Iligan River, Lianan, Iponan, Cagayan and Titunod Rivers

  • bounded by three bays: Iligan, Panguil and Illana with a total coastline of 126.147 km.

  • Has rich inland water bodies: 7 waterfalls, 6 springs, 4 lakes

 

 

Demographic Profile

Population and Size Distribution

Lanao del Norte is a small growing province in terms of its population.  In the CY 2000 census, the province registered a total of 473,062.  It increased by 32.279 persons over the 1995 figure representing an annual growth rate of 2.01.  

Lala is the most populated municipality accounting for 11.93% of the total population of the province.  Tubod, the provincial capital, ranked next to Lala with a population of 43,067 accounting for 9.10% of local provincial population.  In 2000, the number of households increased to 90.092 households with a total household population of 472,646.


Population Enumerated in Various Censuses  


Year


Population


Increase


Annual Geometric Growth Rate

1903 March 2

5,400

-

-

1918 December 31

15,850

10,450

7.04

1939 January 1

71,154

55,304

7.80

1948 October1

105,881

34,727

4.16

1960 February 15

212,170

106,289

6.30

1970 May 6

245,449

33,279

1.43

1975 May 1

262,456

17,007

1.35

1980 May 1

293,691

31,235

2.27

1990 May 1

387,524

93,833

2.81

1995 September 1

440,783

53,259

2.40

2000 May 1

473,062

32,279

2.01

Source: NSO 10


Provincial Population, 2000


Municipality


Total Population


% Share to Total


Household Population


Number of Households

Lanao del Norte

473,062

100

472,646

90,092

Bacolod

17,020

3.60

16,970

3,515

Baloi

38,534

8.15

38,472

6,804

Baroy

20,392

4.31

20,376

4,094

Kapatagan

42,783

9.04

42,783

8,343

Kauswagan

15,364

3.25

15,364

3,095

Kolambugan

24,180

5.11

24,180

4,823

Lala

56,447

11.93

56,434

10,872

Linamon

14,959

3.16

14,948

2,873

Magsaysay

11,218

2.37

11,218

2,170

Maigo

17,826

3.77

17,825

3,472

Matungao

9,266

1.96

9,266

1,656

Munai

15,972

3.38

15,972

3,033

Nunungan

12,205

2.58

12,205

2,470

Pantao Ragat

16,474

3.48

16,474

2,627

Pantar

12,826

2.71

11,704

2,025

Poona Piagapo

16,092

3.40

16,092

2,715

Salvador

17,055

3.61

16,951

3,403

Sapad

15,167

3.21

15,167

3,013

Sultan Naga Dimaporo

41,865

8.85

41,830

7,811

Tagoloan

8,233

1.74

8,211

1,482

Tangkal

6,117

1.29

6,117

896

Tubod

43,067

9.10

42,993

8,776

Source: NSO

 


Urban-Rural Population

Of the total 2000 population of the province, 20.21% are in urban areas.  In terms of number, the municipality of Lala has the biggest urban population, while five (5) municipalities have zero urban population.  These are the municipalities of Nunungan, Pantar, Poona-Piagapo, Tagoloan and Tangkal.  Percentage wise, Linamon has the biggest portion of urban households within the municipality.  


Urban-Rural Population Distribution, 2000 


Municipality

Total Population

Number

Percent Distribution
Rural
Urban
Rural
Urban

Bacolod

17,020

4,837

12,183

28.40

71.58

Baloi

38,534

7,035

31,499

18.26

81.74

Baroy

20,392

2,919

17,473

14.31

85.69

Kapatagan

42,783

8,829

33,954

20.64

79.36

Kauswagan

15,364

3,874

11,490

25.21

74.79

Kolambugan

24,180

6,665

17,515

27.56

72.44

Lala

56,447

16,665

39,782

29.52

70.48

Linamon

14,959

6,257

8,702

41.83

58.17

Magsaysay

11,218

1,095

10,123

9.76

90.24

Maigo

17,826

2,803

15,023

15.72

84.28

Matungao

9,266

1,496

7,770

16.15

83.85

Munai

15,972

1,931

14,041

12.09

87.91

Nunungan

12,205

-

12,205

-

100.00

Pantao Ragat

16,474

1,481

14,993

8.99

91.01

Pantar

12,826

-

12,826

-

100.00

Poona Piagapo

16,092

-

16,092

-

100.00

Salvador

17,055

3,915

13,140

22.96

77.04

Sapad

15,167

4,085

11,082

26.93

73.07

Sultan Naga Dimaporo

41,865

8,521

33,344

20.35

79.65

Tagoloan

8,233

-

8,233

-

100.00

Tangkal

6,117

-

6,117

-

100.00

Tubod

43,067

13,204

29,863

30.66

69.34

Total

473,062

95,612

37,7450

20.21

79.79

Source: NSO



Household Population Characteristics

Total Population, Household Population by Sex and by Municipality


Municipality


Total Population

Household  Population
Total

Male
Female
Total
Male
Female

Lanao del Norte

473,062
237866
235,196
472,646
237,553
235,093

Bacolod

17,020
8,615
8,405
16,970
8,569
8,401

Baloi

38,534
18,926
19,608
38,472
18,874
19,598

Baroy

20,392
10,372
10,020
20,376
10,364
10,012

Kapatagan

42,783
21,978
20,805
42,783
21,978
20,805

Kauswagan

15,364
7,851
7,513
15,351
7,843
7,508

Kolambugan

24,180
12,389
11,791
24,165
12,380
11,785

Lala

56,447
28,827
27,620
56,434
28,823
27,611

Linamon

14,959
7,593
7,366
14,948
7,590
7,358

Magsaysay

11,218
5,630
5,588
11,218
5,630
5,588

Maigo

17,826
9,098
8,728
17,825
9,098
8,727

Matungao

9,266
4,584
4,682
9,266
4,584
4,682

Munai

15,972
7,854
8,118
15,972
7,854
8,118

Nunungan

12,205
5,867
6,338
12,205
5,867
6,338

Pantao Ragat

16,474
7,770
8,704
16,474
7,770
8,704

Pantar

12,826
6,265
6,561
12,826
6,265
6,561

Poona Piagapo

16,092
7,858
8,234
16,092
7,858
8,234

Salvador

17,055
8,694
8,361
16,951
8,590
8,361

Sapad

15,167
7,611
7,556
15,167
7,611
7,556

Sultan Naga Dimaporo

41,865
20,896
20,969
41,830
20,863
20,967

Tagoloan

8,233
4,219
4,014
8,211
4,197
4,014

Tangkal

6,117
3,051
3,066
6,117
3,051
3,066

Tubod

43,067
21,918
21,149
42,993
21,894
21,099
Source: NSO 10

 

Literacy

Literacy Rate, 2002


Functional Literacy Rate

Simple Literacy Rate

Total
Male
Female
Total
Male
Female
80.95
80.52
80.38
74.37
76.05
72.68
Source: NSCB-10


 

Family Income and Expenditure

The 2000 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) estimated the annual average income of families in the province of P74,813.00 while the average expenditure yearly was at P56,207.00.  Majority of the families were within the P20,000 – P29,999 income bracket.  The least number one with 500,000 and over bracket.

The mean per capita income in the province was estimated at P16,772 while the mean expenditure was P12,882.

 

Labor Force and Employment

The province’s total population 15 years old and over totals 318,000 persons.  Some 211,000 of the total 15 years old and over and in the force are economically active represents labor force participation rate (LFPR) of 71.7%.  The province’s employment rate in October 2002 is 92.5% with visible underemployment of 19.2%.  

Most of the person’s employed during the October 2002 labor survey are into agriculture  which constitute 54.50% of total number of persons employed.  This is in contrast to year 2000 where the services sector gets the biggest share of persons employed. 

 

Total 15 Years old and over


Labor Force
Participation Rate

Employment Rate

Unemploymen
t Rate

Visible Unemployment
Rate

Lanao del Norte  
318,000
71.7
92.5
7.5
19.2
Source: FIES, as of October 2002

 

 

Total


Agriculture

Industry

Services
Lanao del Norte
211,000
115,000
15,000
81,000
Source: FIES, October 2002

 

Poverty Threshold and Incidence

The 2000 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) placed the poverty incidence in the province at 50.8% or a magnitude of 77,572 households.  This is a marked down over the 1997 FIES which placed poverty incidence of 45.2%.  These households are scattered throughout the province.  Most of these households are engaged in coastal fishing; rice, corn and coconut farming; livestock raising, ambulant vending, gathering of wood and other forest products; farm, industry or household work; or informal sector commerce and trade.

 

Social Development

Education

Simple Literacy

As of 2002, 95.26 percent of the population 10 years and over in Lanao del Norte are literate.  Only 4.98 percent are illiterate.  

Preschool

Because of the growing consciousness of the parents on the importance of preschool education, public preschool classes for children aging 5 years old were organized in different districts of Lanao del Norte.  As of school year 2003-2004, there are 53 and 13 public and private preschool classes, respectively.

Elementary Level

For SY 2003-2004, the division had a total of 77,487 enrollees for elementary education.  Of this number, 76,067 come from the public schools and 1,420 come from the private schools.

Public and Private Elementary School Enrolment by Grade Level and Sex, SY 2003-2004


Year Level

Number of Enrollees
Public 
Private
Male

Female
Total
Male
Female
Total
I
9,729
8,735
18,464
146
139
285
II
7,179
6,571
13,750
122
87
209
III
6,507
6,087
12,594
121
107
228
IV
5,649
5,704
11,353
123
109
232
V
5,030
5,523
10,553
126
115
241
VI
4,406
4,947
9,353
126
99
225
Total
38,500
37,567
76,067
764
656
1,420
Source: DepEd 10


Secondary Level

Enrolment in public and private secondary education is 20,072 and 6,971, respectively.  Major trend shows that the number of enrollees in secondary schools declines as they reach the fourth year.  This explains the wide disparity in the level of education.  Female students tend to persist in secondary education than male students.  Compared  to SY 2002-2003, SY 2003-2004 experienced an increase in the total number of public secondary enrollees whereas in private secondary there is a decrease in the total number of enrollees.  

Public and Private Secondary School Enrolment by Year level and Sex, SY 2003-2004


Year Level

Number of Enrollees
Public 
Private
Male

Female
Total
Male
Female
Total
First Year
3,236
3,140
6,376
1,034
995
2,029
Second Year
2,537
2,859
5,396
865
927
1,792
Third Year
2,156
2,607
4,763
896
891
1,787
Fourth Year
1,619
1,918
3,537
592
771
1,363
Total
9,548
10,524
20,072
3,387
3,584
6,971
Source: DepEd 10


Comparative Status of Enrolment in All Public Secondary Schools by Year level and Sex, SY 2002-2003 and 2003-2004

Year Level
2002-2003
2003-2004
Male
Female
Total
Male
Female
Total
First Year
3,286
3,269
6,555
3,236
3,140
6,376
Second Year
2,581
2,873
5,454
2,537
2,859
5,396
Third Year
1,829
2,195
4,024
2,156
2,607
4,763
Fourth Year
1,558
1,722
3,280
1,619
1,918
3,537
Total
9,254
10,059
19,313
9,548
10,524
20,072
Source: DepEd 10


Comparative Status of Enrolment in All Private Secondary Schools by Year level and Sex, SY 2002-2003 and 2003-2004


Year Level

2002-2003

2003-2004
Male

Female
Total
Male
Female
Total
First Year
1,069
1,116
2,185
1,034
995
2,029
Second Year
993
1,016
2,009
865
927
1,792
Third Year
701
845
1,546
896
891
1,787
Fourth Year
676
666
1,342
592
771
1,363
Total
3,439
3,643
7,082
3,387
3,584
6,971
Source: DepEd 10

 

Performance Indicators

Elementary Level

The division participation rate increased by only 1.16% from 94.05% in SY 2002-2003 to 95.15% in SY 2003-2004.  However, there is a decrease in cohort survival rate by 8.14% from 72.91% of SY 2002-2003 to 66.97% in SY 2003-2004.  It is also worthy to note that the dropout rate decreased by 7.04% from 1.99% of SY 2002-2003 to 1.85% of SY 2003-2004.  Graduation rate in the elementary level increased by 1.2% from 97.04% in SY 2002-2003 to 98.21% in SY 2003-2004.  

Secondary Level

For school year 2003-2004, the division participation rate in this level increased by 19.17% from 66.09% of SY 2002-2003 to 78.76% of SY 2003-2004 for public secondary schools.  The cohort survival rate also increased from 66.12% in SY 2002-2003 to 81.46% in SY 2003-2004. It is also noted that there was an increase in the dropout rate from 7.10% of SY 2002-2003 to 8.99% of SY 2003-2004. Graduation rates in public schools decreased.  

          Performance Indicators, Public Elementary and Secondary Education, SY 2002-2003 and SY 2003-2004


Indicators

2002-2003

2003-2004
Elementary

Secondary
Elementary
Secondary

     Participation Rate

94.05
66.09
95.15
78.76

     Survival Rate

72.91
66.12
66.97
81.46

     Transition Rate

88.77
87.27
85.70
88.46

     Drop-out Rate

1.99
7.10
1.85
8.99

     Promotion Rate

90.94
96.16
94.93
93.48

     Graduation Rate

97.04
63.01
98.21
60.15

     Completion Rate

46.18
86.11
53.20
84.45

     Teacher-Pupil Ratio

1:34
1:39
1:33.44
1:40.28

     Textbook-Pupil Ratio

1:4
1:3
1:3.23
1:25

     Classroom-Pupil Ratio

1:32
1:54
1:32
1:55

 


Health, Nutrition and Sanitation

Vital Health Indices

The Provincial Health Office’s service facilities consists of a Provincial Hospital, 3 District Hospitals, 2 Municipal Hospitals and field health services complement – rural health units and barangay health stations.  The Provincial Health Office launched and put into action health programs that appropriately responded to the health needs of the people thus there was an improved state of basic health indicators.  

Crude birth rate per 1,000 population was placed at 20.88 in 2003 which is higher than the 2000 figure of 18.28.  Births in the municipalities are mostly attended by midwives.  Next to midwives, doctors are preferred over hilots or nurses.  Most births are attended at home than in the hospitals.

Crude death rate, on the other hand was 1.82 per 1,000 population in 2000 and 1.86 per 1,000 population in 2003.  There was a significant reduction of infant mortality rate from 6.36 per 1,000 livebirths in 2000 to 4.02 per 1,000 livebirths in 2003.  The registered maternal mortality rate was 0.65 per 1,000 livebirths in 2000 and 0.48 per 1,000 livebirths in 2003.  

Causes of Mortality

Pulmonary Tuberculosis  tops the list of leading causes of mortality for the past five years with a rate of 18.33 deaths per 100,000 population.  However, in 2003, it become the second top because Hypertension Vascular Disease leads with a rate of 25.27 deaths per 100,000 population.

Leading Causes of Mortality, Average for Five Years 1998-2002 and  2003  


Leading Causes of Mortality

Average for the Past 5 Years (1998-2002)

2003
Number

Rate
Number
Rate
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
96
18.33
80
15.27
Hypertension Vascular Disease
87
16.61
135
25.77
Pneumonia
78
14.89
68
12.98
Senility
77
14.70
-
-
Cancer
75
14.32
78
14.89
Heart Disease
56
10.69
32
6.11
Injuries
45
8.59
51
9.73
Coronary Artery disease
44
8.4
39
7.44
Diarrhea
38
7.25
29
5.53
Accident
37
7.06
56
10.69
Kidney Disease

-

-
34
6.49
Source: PHO, Lanao del Norte; Rate per 100,000 population

 

Infant Mortality

Pneumonia has been the top reported cause of child mortality within the past five years.  In 2003, however reports showed that pneumonia is still the leading cause of infant mortality with a rate of 1.35 death per 1,000 childbirths.  

Leading Causes of Infant Deaths, Average for Five Years 1998-2002 and  2003  


Leading Causes of Mortality

Average for the Past 5 Years (1998-2002)

2003
Number

Rate
Number
Rate
Pneumonia
11
1.06
14
1.35
Sepsis Neonatorum
6
0.578
6
0.578
Diarrhea
5
0.482
4
0.385
Prematurity
5
0.482
6
0.578
Tetanus Neonaturom
2
0.193
-
-
Respiratory Distress Syndrome
2
0.193
2
0.193
Congenital Anomaly
2
0.193
3
0.289
Malnutrition
2
0.193
3
0.289
Meningitis
1
0.096
2
0.193
Hypoxia
1
0.096
2
0.193
Amoebiasis
-
-
2
0.193
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
-
-
-
-
Source: PHO, Lanao del Norte; Rate per 1,000 livebirths

 

Causes of Morbidity

In 2003, the leading causes of morbidity fell under preventive diseases such as pneumonia, bronchitis, influenza, diarrhea, urinary tract infection, upper respiratory tract infection, pulmonary tuberculosis, hypertension, scabies and measles.  

Family Planning

In 2003, some 23,467 people of reproductive ages were reported to be current users of various family planning contraceptive methods.  In addition, 11,754 new family planning program acceptors were noted.  Top three methods used for both current and new acceptors are pills, IUD and LAM.  This figure indicates the high level of acceptance of family planning.

          Number of women 15-49 Years Old Using Contraceptives, December 2000  


Method Used

Current User

New Acceptor

Total

Condom

1,682
1,256
2,938

Injection

1,964
1,247
3,211

IUD

5,625
659
6,284

LAM

3,182
5,115
11,479

Natural Family Planning

768
522
1,290

Pills

9,049
2,919
11,968
Male Sterilization
-
5
5

Female Sterilization

1,197
31
1,228

Total

23,467
11,754
35,221
Source: DOH 10

Nutrition

In 2003, 59,800 estimated number of children under 7 years old was weighed by the Provincial Health Office.  More than half of the children weighed were normal.  Overweight children constituted about 3.85 percent while it is worthy to note that total underweight children are only 35.98 per cent.

Of the total number of underweight children, 28.17 are mildly underweight, 6.79 per cent are moderately underweight and 1.02 are severely underweight.  

Nutritional Status, 2003


Nutritional Status

Number

Severely Underweight
610
Mildly Underweight
16,848
Moderately Underweight
4,061
Normal
35,977
Overweight
2,304
Source: NSCB, RSET 2004

Environmental Sanitation


Percentage of Household with Sanitary Type of Toilet Facilities 

As of  2003, only 20.42% (14,762) households have sanitary toilets while 79.58% (57,513) households have unsanitary toilets or no toilets at all.

Percentage of Household with Safe Main Source of Drinking Water

As of 2003,   50.88% (36,774) of the total number of households has access to safe source of drinking water.  Sources of drinking water include community water system and deep wells.  Only 49.12% have no access to safe drinking water system.  


Health Manpower

In 2003, there were 45 health physicians serving the province.  The number of public health nurses was placed at 82, while the midwives numbered 186.  Supporting these health personnel were a number of volunteer health worker called Barangay Health Workers (BHWs).  

 

Health Manpower


Health Personnel


Number

Physicians

45

Nurses

82

Midwife

186

Dentist

11

Medical Technologists

10

Sanitary Inspectors

20

Barangay Health Workers

1,088

Traditional Birth Attendants

317

Food and Drug Inspector

-
Dental Aid
12

Total

1,771
Source: PHO, Lanao del Norte

 

Protective Services

Crime Occurrences

From January 1 to January 31, 2002, the Provincial Police Office recorded a total crime volume of 347 indictable offenses showing an decrease of 103 cases compared to same period last year which registered 450 crime incidents.  This reflects an average monthly crime rate (AMCR) of 6.11 with a slight decrease compared to the same period last year of 7.90 AMCR.  Out of the total crime volume, 194 or 55.91% were classified as index crimes, while the remaining 153 or 44.08% are non-index crimes.  



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