Commission on Population     
 Regional Population Office No. 10

       J.V. Seriņa St., Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City

"Tatlumpu't limang taong paglilingkod tungo sa matatag na Pilipinong pamilya"
 
   

MALAYBALAY CITY
   
 



 

 

Malaybalay City, the capital and the first city in the province of Bukidnon is located in Northern Mindanao. It is bounded on the east by the Pantaron Range that separates Bukidnon from the Provinces of Agusan del Sur and Davao del Norte, on the west by the municipality of Lantapan and Mount Kitanglad, on the north by the municipality of Impasug-ong and on the south by the Valencia City and municipality of San Fernando. The whole eastern and southeastern border adjoining Agusan and Davao called the Pantaron Range are elevated and densely forested mountains, which is one of the remaining forest blocks of Mindanao. The City is a landlocked area, the nearest sea and air ports being in Cagayan de Oro City, which is 91 kilometers away.

Physical Characteristics

Land Area and Classification

The total land area of the City is 108.259 hectares, which is about 13% of the total provincial land area.  Land portion or 65% of the land area is classified as forestland, the remaining 35% is alienable and disposable.  The city is composed of 46 barangays, 11 of which are in the urban center with an area of 1,720 hectares, while  7 barangays comprising 19,709 hectares are considered urbanizing.  The remaining 28 are rural barangays with a total land area of 86,830 hectares.

Soil Types and Major Landforms

About 66% of the City's soil is identified as undifferentiated mountain soil and the rest are clay.  The predominant types of clay are Kidapawan, Alimodian, and Adtuyon, which are generally good for cropland and general farming.

The major landforms on the other hand consist of mountains, which have favorable soil properties and cool climate that favors the introduction of highland tropical crops.  However, these areas, due to steep slopes are quite erosible when cultivated.

Climate, Topography and Slope

The climate classification of Malaybalay falls under the fourth type or intermediate B type, that is, with no very pronounced maximum rain period and dry season.  The period of May to October is usually with heavy rains, while November to April is the relatively dry months.  Due to this, Malaybalay's climate remains cool throughout the year.  Being a landlocked area, the City is far from the paths of typhoons.

The average elevation of the City is 622 meters above sea level and almost 60% of the total land area has above 30% slope, characterized by steep hills, mountains and cliff-like streamside.  About 25% are level, gently sloping and undulating.  The rest are rolling and hilly.

 

Demographic Profile

Population

Data from the National Statistics Office (NSO) year 2000 census show that population of Malaybalay City has reached 123,672.  The figure was only 112,277 in the year 1995 census, which means that the rate of provincial growth rate is at 1.95%.  The projected population then of 2001 is 126,086.  The provincial growth rate is 2.43%, while the neighboring city of Valencia is 2.45%.

According to its spatial distribution, urbanizing barangays has the highest growth rate at 2.25% followed by the rural barangays at 2.23%, while the least growth registered is in the urban center at only 0.66%.  The least growth in the urban center is due to more rapid residential growth in the nearby urbanizing areas.

Population Growth Rate


L
ocation


1995 Population


2000 Population


Growth Rate


Urban

20,678

21,365

0.66%

Urbanizing

41,093

45,923

2.25%

Rural

50,506

56,384

2.23%

TOTAL/AVE.

112,277

123,672

1.95%

  Source: NSO, CPDO

As to population density, the urban center is densely populated with 12.51 persons per hectare, urbanizing areas followed at 2.38 persons per hectare and the rural barangays are less dense at less than 1 person per hectare.

The city has a very young population, NSO data showed that majority or 70% of population is below 30 years old.  Sex distribution on the other hand is almost equal, with 51% male and 49 female per 94 females for every 100 males.

Population by Age Distribution and Sex


Age Group


Both Sexes


Male


Female


% Distribution by Sex


% Distribution by Age Group

Male
Female

0-2

12,581

6,542

6,039

52.0
48.0

9.4

3-5

12,529

6,427

6,102

51.3
48.7

9.4

6-12

26,244

13,358

12,886

50.9
49.1

19.6

13-17

15,285

7,765

7,520

50.8
49.2

11.4

18-24

17,520

8,865

8,655

50.6
49.4

13.1

25-59

44,279

23,158

21,121

52.3
47.7

33.1

60 Above

5,166

2,609

2,557

50.5
49.5

3.9

TOTAL

133,604

68,724

64,880

51.4
48.6%

100%

Source: NSO, CPDO,  * Projected from 1995 and 2000 data  

Based on projections, the productive population (15-64 years old) increased from 52,701 in 1990 to 72,589 in 2000.  About 60% of the productive population are in the labor force and gainfully employed, which means that around 40% are not in the labor force.

Household Population 15 Years Old and Over By Sex and Employment Status


Category


Population


Percent Distribution

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Household Population 15 Years and Over

68,084

36,085

31,999

 -

 -

 -

In the Labor Force

40,987

27,778

13,208

60.20%

40.80%

19.40%

Not in the Labor Force

27,097

8,306

18,791

39.80%

10.70%

29.10%

Source: NSO, CPDO,  * Projected from 1995 and 2000 data  


 

Social Profile

Education

The city has a total of 21 kindergarten schools, 65 primary/elementary schools, 13 secondary schools, 4 tertiary schools and 2 technical/vocational schools.  Forty-five out of forty-six barangays of the city has at least 1 elementary school, while secondary schools are strategically located in areas with relatively higher population and the tertiary schools are all found in the urban center.  However, Bukidnon National High School established 5 extension schools in different urbanizing and rural barangays such as Aglayan, Can-ayan, Kalasungay, San Jose and Barangay Casisiang. The lone barangay that has only a primary school is found in the mountainous area of the city with a population of 690 only.

Based on the data gathered for the Department of Education, for school year 2003-2004 the following are the basic performance indicators for elementary and secondary public schools.

Year End Performance Indicators, Government Elementary and Secondary Schools, School Year 2003-2004  


Indicators

Elementary

Secondary
Male

Female
Total
Male
Female
Total
Failure Rate
1.72
1.00
2.72
0.73
0.59
1.32
Dropout Rate
0.89
0.44
1.33
3.05
2.21
5.26
Promotion Rate
48.93
46.28
95.21
41.54
51.93
93.47
Completion Rate
24.78
29.04
53.82
34.70
42.86
77.56
Graduation Rate
43.26
50.56
93.83
42.65
53.01
95.66
Source: DepEd

 As can be seen in the data above, in the elementary level females show higher performance indicators than the males.  Females have lower failure and dropout rates of 1.00% and 0.44% respectively and higher rates for completion (29.04%) and graduation (50.56%)

In the secondary level, however, males have higher failure and dropout rates at 0.73% and 3.05%.  While the females have low promotion, completion and graduation rates of 51.93%, 42.86% and 53.01% respectively compared to 41.54%, 34.70% and 42.65% rates of their male counterparts.

Literacy rate in Malaybalay is quite high at 90%.   Literacy is higher among younger age group compared to the above-40 age bracket.


Health and Nutrition

Though there is no sex-disaggregated data of the vital health statistics, data collected from the City Health Office show a positive trend in the health practices.  As shown in the table below, though the fetal mortality rate increase by 5, other indicators such as Crude Birth Rate, Infant Mortality Rate and Maternal Mortality Rate show a decreasing trend in the last five years.  Ten leading causes of mortality (in order) are hypertensive vascular disease, accidents, pneumonias, tuberculosis, cancer, kidney disease, sepsis, liver disease, coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus.

Year 2003 nutrition status report revealed that there are 2,827 pre-school and school children that are moderately and severely underweight.  The City Nutrition Section identified 10 barangays with high malnutrition prevalence and 60 public and private elementary schools.

To promote nutrition advocacy, Nutrition Centers were established.  As of 2004, there are 46 Nutrition Centers, 12 of which were financed by the City Government in the amount of P 250,000 each through the 20% Development Fund.  There are also 71 Barangay Nutrition Scholars (BNS) who served the total population specifically the pre-schoolers ages 0-71 months.

Health Indicators


HEALTH INDICATORS

2003

Past 5-Yr. Average (1998-2002)

Remarks
Crude Birth Rate
21.24
17.28
20.14% Increase
Crude Death Rate
4.44
4.44
-
Infant Mortality Rate
7.87
11.24
28.71 Decrease
Fetal Mortality Rate
20.39
19.43
4.94% Increase
Maternal Mortality Rate
1.79
1.77
1.13% Increase
Morbidity Rate
137.66
57.36
140.00% Increase
Infant Mortality Rate
834.35
376.46
121.00% Increase

As to infrastructure, there are 3 private hospitals and 1 public hospital (Bukidnon Provincial Hospital) in the City, with 241 combined numbers of beds, which means that there is 1 bed available for every 523 population.  There are also 12 medical clinics and 9 dental clinics.  But this is being compensated by the establishment of health centers in almost every barangay with assigned health workers, midwives, nutrition scholars and trained hilots that provide simple health services to the barangay residents.  Below is the list of medical personnel and their respective ratio given the 2004 projected population of 133,604.

Medical Personnel to Population Ratio


Medical Personnel

Numbers

Personnel: Population Ratio
Doctors
45
1:3,968
Nurses
127
1:1,052
Medical Specialists
6
1:22,267
Consultants
14
1:9,543
Midwives
56
1:2,385
Dentists
17
1:7,859
Pharmacists
15
1:8,906
Medical Technologists
22
1:6,072
Physical Therapists
7
1:19,085
Radiological Technologists
5
1:26,720
Sanitary Inspectors
4
1:33,401
X Ray Technicians
6
1:22,267
Barangay Health Workers
465
1:287
Barangay Nutrition Scholars
69
1:1,936
Nursing Aids
52
1:2,569
Registered Trained Hilots
119
1:1,122
Nursing Aides
3
1:44,534

In its efforts to bring health services to the people especially to the upland barangays, a lying-in clinic in Barangay Mapulo was established to cater to the needs of the barangays of the upper Pulangi area.


Housing


Recent data shows that there are 23,033 housing units in the city, of which 97.92% are occupied.  The ratio of household to occupied housing units in the entire city is 1.02 that means there are cases where more than one household live in a single house unit.

The City Social Welfare and Development Office (CSWDO) have identified 2,784 squatter families in the city. 

An inventory of subdivisions revealed that there are about 37.5193 hectares of land for housing development and only about 1,518 houses are constructed of which 50% are already occupied and the remaining 50% are owned by the provincial  government that has already been allocated to families previously occupying their lands.


Social Welfare

In addition to formal schools, there are 107 day care centers (DCC) within the whole City but only 85 are accredited.  Forty-three out of forty-six barangays of the City has at least one DCC. 

The CSWDO has also facilitated the establishment of 1 office/center for the senior citizen and construction of 30 houses and 20 home improvements under the SEA Kabayan program.  Next to physical project of the CSWDO is the Family Center which already been constructed.

In the 2003 Annual Report, the CSWDO recognized that there is a tremendous increase in the number of needy individuals in crisis situation who sought assistance from the office.  The actual number of individuals served by the CSWDO has reached to 22,270.


Transportation

Inventory of the roads in the city showed that there are about 1,100 kilometers of road linking the different parts of the city.  About 103 km. are classified as national road, 60 km. provincial road, 26 km. city road and 879.9 km. barangay roads.  The forestal communities in rural barangays are usually linked by old logging roads that are passable only by farm animals and motorcycles. 


Electricity

Forty-four (44) out of forty-six (46) barangays of the city have electric connections served by the Bukidnon Second Electric Cooperative (BUSECO), but only 65.35% of the total household population has connection. 


Water Supply

Recent data (2003) from the City Health Office and Malaybalay City Water District (MCWD) showed that 73.74% of the total household population has access to safe potable water while the remaining 26.26% have other sources (undeveloped springs, rivers and creeks).  A closer look at those with access to safe potable water reveals that only 27.70% of the total household population is on level III (Water district) connections, and 2.61% and 43.43% respectively for level I and II systems.  The MCWD serves only 14 out of 46 barangays of the entire city.  The areas served are concentrated in the 11 urban barangays and 3 of the urbanizing barangays.

Looking closely at the spatial distribution of the water system, more than 26.26% of the households in the urban center itself have "other sources".  The CHO defines other sources as those without own connections and usually buy from neighbors with connections, those getting water from undeveloped springs and wells.  However, with the ongoing construction of the Kibalabag water system, water supply in the urban center and some highway barangays will no longer be a problem.


Protective Services

Presently there are 74 policemen and 38 firemen serving the whole city, which has a total population of 133,604 (2004 projected population).  This means that one policeman is serving at least 1,805 populations.  This low number of policemen is compensated by the presence of 938 civilian volunteers who assist in keeping peace and order especially in the rural areas.

The Malaybalay City Police Station has recorded a total of 145 crime incidents in year 2003, which is 2.84% higher compared to previous year.  Forty-nine percent (49%) of these crimes fall under non-index classification that is mostly violation of local ordinances, while 26% were against person, and 25% were against property.  The average monthly crime rate is posted at 9.22 per 100,000 populations showing a decrease of 1% compared to year 2002.  Most crimes are committed in the urban center.  Crime solution efficacy increased from 84% in 2002 to 56% in 2003.



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