Commission on Population     
 Regional Population Office No. 10

       J.V. Seriña St., Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City

"Tatlumpu't limang taong paglilingkod tungo sa matatag na Pilipinong pamilya"
 
 

Province of MISAMIS ORIENTAL
 
   

 

The name Misamis Oriental was derived from the word Misa, a Spanish term for mass or a church rite. When Christianity was still new in the Philippines, the converts were usually heard to shout "Misa!, Misa!" every time the priests traveled in the area. Thus, over a period of time, the Spanish missionaries called the province "Misamis".

Other sources revealed the word "Misamis" is derived from "KUYAMIS", a variety of sweet coconut which was the staple food of the earliest known Negrito settlers of the territory. The word "KUYAMIS" was corrupted to Misamis when the Spanish colonizers came.

 

Physical Characteristics

Location

The Province of Misamis Oriental is one of the five (5) provinces of Northern Mindanao and situated along the northern coast of the resource-rich Mindanao Island. It is bounded on the north by Macajalar Bay, on the west by Iligan Bay; on the east by Agusan del Norte; and on the south and southwest by the provinces of Bukidnon and Lanao del Norte respectively.

It has two (2) major bays- Macajalar Bay on the western part and Gingoog Bay on the eastern portion. Its strategic location and large open bays make the province the principal distribution center of the region. Being the gateway to Mindanao, it has become a major transshipment hub which justified the approval of major transportation projects.

Political Subdivision

The province has two (2) cities: its capital, the charter city of Cagayan de Oro and its component city of Gingoog. It has 24 municipalities: 14 on the eastern side and 10 on the western side. The farthest municipality on the western side is Lugait and on the eastern side is Magsaysay. Misamis Oriental has a total of 422 barangays.

Land Area

The province has a total land area of 3,102.90 square kilometers. Claveria, the only land-locked municipality, has the largest area at 894.90 square kilometers while the smallest municipality is Binuangan with an area of 30.00 square kilometers.

Topography

Misamis Oriental is characteristically rugged where mountains and hills occupy approximately seventy percent (70%) of total land area. The highlands are punctuated by mountain ranges, coastal plains and valleys are traversed by rivers of various forms and sizes that provide underground water supply throughout the area. On the eastern portion of the province are two (2) inactive volcanic cones - Mt. Balatucan, which at 2,560 meters, is the highest peak and Mt. Lumot.

Soil Type

The soil type of the province is predominantly clay, alluvium, shale, sandstone, corraline & limestone, which are abundant in some municipalities. 

Climate

The Province is blissfully located outside the typhoon belt and earthquake faults. The coldest month is noted in January while the hottest is August. The dry season is from November to April and wet season is from May to October. Average temperature is 27 Centigrade.

Land Use Classification

The province is generally classified into forestland (47% of land area) and 53% are alienable and disposable lands. But as of 1996, DENR-10 reported that forestland now occupies only an area of 6,243 hectares.



Demographic Profile

Population

For censal Year 2000, the province registered the largest population at 1.126 million people among the five (5) provinces of Northern Mindanao, with more or less 41% recorded as Cagayan de Oro’s population. The residents of the province are a mixture of Maranaw, Spanish, American and Chinese blood.


CITY/MUNICIPALITY


LAND AREA (IN SQ. KMS.)


POPULATION 2000


GROWTH RATE (%)


DENSITY  (PERSONS/ SQ. (KM)

Misamis Oriental

3,570.10

 664,338

2.17

186

Cagayan de Oro City

412.80

461,877

1.57

1,119

Gingoog City    

404.60

102,379

3.41

253

Alubijid    

63.00

23,397

1.56

371

Balingasag       

123.70

51,782

2.56

419

Balingoan        

57.80

8,197

1.78

142

Binuangan      

30.00

5,924

2.11

198

Claveria    

894.90

41,109

1.12

46

El Salvador     

136.70

34,650

2.06

254

Gitagum      

37.50

13,522

3.87

361

Initao     

116.50

27,035

3.20

232

Jasaan     

87.20

39,969

3.79

458

Kinoguitan     

22.10

10,519

0.23

476

Lagonglong

56.00

16,882

2.19

302

Laguindingan      

39.40

18,451

2.39

468

Libertad        

37.50

10,231

2.16

273

Lugait  

22.50

14,704

2.65

654

Magsaysay       

181.00

24,550

0.73

136

Manticao      

112.60

24,072

    1.33

214

Medina 

126.10

25,810

2.20

205

Naawan         

88.50

16,173

2.25

183

Opol      

150.00

36,389

9.37

243

Salay      

64.80

19,664

0.83

304

Sugbongcogon     

23.10

7,362

1.22

319

Tagoloan        

87.20

46,649

2.84

535

Talisayan   

137.80

19,959

0.23

145

Villanueva    

48.80

24,867

3.36

510

Source: NSO

 

Language Spoken

The local dialect is Cebuano but majority of the people can speak and understand Tagalog and English. Other ethnic dialects are Higaonon, Ilongo, Waray among others.


Religious Affiliation

Roman Catholic is the dominant religion, practiced by almost 80 percent of the population. Other religious affiliations include Protestants, Baptists, Evangelicals, Iglesia Ni Kristo, Philippine Independent Church, Islam and Pentecostal.

 

Socio-Economic Profile

Average Annual Family Income

In 2000, Misamis Oriental has an average annual family income and expenditure of PhP89,640.00 and PhP70,989.00 respectively.


Labor Force

Being the region’s educational center, one of the major assets of the province is its human resource. Highly educated and trainable labor force composed of young professionals, technical people and skilled workforce are readily available in the area.

The National Statistics Office survey on labor force conducted in October 2003 revealed the following figures:

 


Misamis Oriental

Labor Force ('000 )

1,802

Employed ('000 )

1,685

Unemployed ('000 )

117

Employment Rate (%)

93.5

Unemployment Rate (%)

6.5

Source : NSO, Cagayan de Oro City

 

Education

For the SY 2000-2001, the province’ inventory of educational institutions, both private and public, is recorded at 632. These institutions cater to primary, secondary, tertiary and vocational/technical education. 

The educational system is similar throughout the country. School year starts in June and ends in March. English is the medium of instruction used in most schools.

Cagayan de Oro is known as the center for higher learning for the whole region if not in Mindanao. In pursuit of quality education, the three (3) universities and one of its colleges were selected by the CHED as Centers for Development and Excellence --- Xavier University (Engineering, Chemistry, Medicine, Business Education and Socio-Anthropology), Liceo de Cagayan University (Nursing), Capitol University (Computer Education) and Mindanao Polytechnic State College (Mathematics). Outside of Cagayan de Oro, every municipality in the province has educational institutions of at least secondary level while Gingoog City has five (5) college institutions.

To keep up with technological Advancement in Information Technology, the country’s leading ICT Schools are now in the area namely, STI, AMA College and Informatics.  


Health Facilities

There are 24 hospitals in Misamis Oriental, 10 of which are government-run and 14 are privately-owned.  The Provincial Government Of Misamis Oriental also operate district hospitals in the municipalities of Initao and Talisayan, as well as in Gingoog City; Medicare hospitals in the municipalities of Manticao and Balingasag; municipal hospitals in Claveria and Magsaysay. In addition to the hospitals, there are 49 Barangay Health Centers that provide minor health services. For specialized health care, there are 66 family planning clinics and 200 medical or dental clinics.

Most private hospitals and the Northern Mindanao Regional Hospital are already equipped with the latest medical equipment like the CT-SCAN to provide adequate and immediate relief in cases of emergencies and complicated medical cases. Specialized private clinics for dental, therapeutic, optical and diagnostic services provide additional medical support.


TYPE OF HOSPITAL


CDO


MOR


TOTAL 


TOTAL NUMBER OF BEDS (CDO/MOR)

Private

10

5

15

750

Government

3

7

10

660

TOTAL

13

12

25

1,410

Source : Department of Health, CDO



Housing Facilities

Development in construction and real estate has been massive and very aggressive in the last five (5) years. As of May 2001, Misamis Oriental has a total of one hundred fourteen (114) subdivisions. These subdivisions cater to the needs of the low-income as well as the high-end customers.  Real estate developers usually offer a packaged house and lot with a minimum lot area of 80 square meters.


At least three (3) real estate developers provide modern facilities and amenities - from commercial centers, educational institutions, churches, sports and country club facilities, golf courses, etc.

LOCATION

NO. OF SUBDIVISION

Cagayan de Oro City

101

Misamis Oriental

13

Total

114

Source: Housing & Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB), Cagayan de Oro City



Raw Material Resources

Misamis Oriental is self-sufficient in some agricultural crops. Almost half (43%) of the province's total land area is planted to various crops like industrial and non-food, cereal, fruit and vegetable and rootcrops. The top five (5) agricultural products are coconut, banana, corn, rice, papaya and cassava.

The province is also one of the country's major producers of coconut. This explains the presence of coco-based processing plants in the province such as Pilipinas Kao, Inc., Fiesta Brands, IndoPhil Oil Mills, Limketkai and Sons Milling Corporation, Pacific Activated Carbon Company.

The hog population remains the highest among the livestock, comprising 72.25%, in 2002 while poultry production is showing an increasing trend brought about by the entry of leading multi-national food processors promoting contract-growing schemes.

 

Mineral Resources

Misamis Oriental is rich in some mineral deposits with cement raw material and clay deposits topping the list. The mining activities in the province are for chromite, feldspar, silica, bentonite, gold, coal, phosphatic deposit, guano, shale, and limestone.

 

Marine/Coastal Resources

Twenty-three (23) of the twenty-four (24) municipalities are located along the coastline. Hence, a good number of families depend on fishing as their major source of income. The province has three (3) fishing grounds - Macajalar, Gingoog and Balingasag - but with insufficient production. Thus, it has to continually depend on the steady supply of fish from Zamboanga, Bohol, Cotabato and the Panguil Bay area.

Coral reefs are found along the coastline of Macajalar Bay (Banbayan Point), Gorda Point in Balingasag and  Constancia and Agutayan reefs in Jasaan. Mangrove forest covers an aggregate area of 124 hectares (Opol, El Salvador, Alubijid, Magsaysay). Potential mangrove area planted to Bacauan covers 90 hectares.

 

Forest Resources

The vegetative cover of the classified forest lands consists of virgin/old growth, residual/young growth, mossy, mangrove, brushlands and other land uses like plantation forest and ISF-cultivated areas. Dipterocarp species abound in old and second growth forest most common are the Philippine Mahogany species such as Red and White Lauan, Mayapis, etc.

 


Electricity

The power requirement of the province is supplied by the Mindanao Grid of the National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) in Iligan City and the Pulangi IV Hydroelectric Plant in Bukidnon. It is being served by three (3) power utilities namely Cagayan de Oro Electric Power & Light Company (CEPALCO) and Misamis Oriental Rural Electrific Service Cooperative (Moresco) I and II.   


CEPALCO has served industrial, commercial and residential consumers in Cagayan de Oro and certain areas in Misamis Oriental like Tagoloan, Jasaan & Villanueva.
Some power-intensive companies are directly connected with NAPOCOR. The rest of the municipalities are served by MORESC I (609 MVA - on the eastern side) and MORESCO II (30 MVA - on the western side). These utilities have energized 98% of the province.

The operation of MINERGY and Northern Mindanao Power Corporation have improved further the supply capability and reliability of power in the province. A subsidiary of CEPALCO, MINERGY operates a land-based power generating plant with a total capacity of 18.90 MW. The Northern Mindanao Power Corporation, a project of Alson’s Power Holding Corporation, also operates a Bunker "C" - fired Diesel Power Generating Plant with an annual registered capacity of 58 MW.

A 210-MW coal-fired power project of the STEAG State Power Development Corporation, at the Phividec Industrial Estate is expected to be operational in 2006.  

 

Water

The water supply of the province is sourced from deep and shallow wells and spring. It has 48 rivers (with discharge capacity of 42,600.71 liters/seconds); 60 creeks; 38 springs (48,432 cu.m./day) and two natural lakes. All municipalities have some waterworks systems. Cagayan de Oro and Gingoog cities have their own water utilities - the Cagayan de Oro City Water District and Gingoog Water District respectively. The Provincial Government of Misamis Oriental has started in 2005 to help put up rainwater communal catchments or tanks to supplement the groundwater or spring water sources.

A total of 18 rivers (those with high volumetric discharge rates) were tapped by NIA for irrigation purposes. The impounding dams constructed or serviced 27 irrigation facilities. DENR has also constructed 6 intake boxes, 8 reservoirs, 10 small water-impounding dams for irrigable agricultural areas of 1,538 upland beneficiaries.

 The PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate has its own water system with a discharge capacity of 4.2 million cubic meters for industrial use and 4.3 million cubic meters for domestic consumption.

 

Road Network

The road network of the province already reached 797.133 kilometers. This already includes the 210.137 kilometers all-weather, two-lane highway connecting the province to Iligan and Butuan cities. Davao is accessible via Butuan City and the alternative route that passes through the province of Bukidnon.

The road network is classified according to the following:


ROAD NETWORK (KM) As of July 2000


TYPE OF ROAD


MISAMIS ORIENTAL


CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY


TOTAL 

Concreted

236. 539

150.64355

387.18255

Asphalted

31.007

58.41005

89.41705

Gravelled

343.650

259.32911

602.97911

Earth

45.377

19.1875

64.5645

TOTAL

656.573

487.57021

1,144.14321

Source : Cagayan de Oro City & Misamis Oriental Provincial Engineer's Offices

Bridges

There are 155 bridges spanning a total of 6,598.422 linear meters in the entire province. Bridges length ranges from 6 to 199 linear meters. By type, the bridges are classified into reinforced concrete deck girder bridge (RCDG), steel, bailey, timber, spillway and footbridge.


INVENTORY OF BRIDGES (BY TYPE) July 2000

TYPE OF BRIDGE

NUMBER

LENGTH IN LM

GRAND TOTAL

 

CDO

MOr

CDO

MOr

NUMBER

LENGTH (LM)

Reinforced Concrete Deck Girder

16

79

1233.50

3394.540

95

4628.040

Jumbo

2

 

150.00

 

2

150.000

Concrete Box Culvert

32

 

253.08

 

32

253.080

Bailey

5

1

117.00

45.730

6

162.730

Footbridge

5

 

224.00

 

5

224.000

Timber

1

1

11.00

15.240

2

26.240

Spillway

2

 

23.00

 

2

23.000

Steel

2

9

207.20

924.132

11

1131.332

TOTAL

65

90

2218.78

4379.642

155

6598.422

Source : Cagayan de Oro City & Misamis Oriental Provincial Engineer's Offices

 



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